This paper presents a three-phase grid-connected inverter designed for a 100kW photovoltaicpower plant that features a maximum power pointtracking (MPPT) scheme based on fuzzy logic. The wholesystem presented is simulated in Matlab. This fuzzy MPPTshows accurate and fast response, and is integrated in theinverter, so that a DC-DC converter is not needed. Theinverter allows full control of reactive power.Keywords
Photovoltaic, Inverter, MPPT, Fuzzy logic,Power electronics.
Photovoltaic systems are increasing in size as they becomemore affordable and supporting schemes start to include largerinstallations. In a near future, photovoltaic systems of 100kWpeak power or more are going to be very common, and it isexpected that they will contribute with a significant share topower generation.In such a scenario, the contribution to the grid stability of PVsystems is likely to become relevant, as it has alreadyhappened with other renewable energies like wind power insome countries. In Spain, for instance, wind farm operators areencouraged to contribute to system stability by means of aremuneration for reactive power control. The requirements forrobust operation under grid faults and perturbances have alsoincreased. This could be applied to PV systems once theyreach a certain amount of installed power in a given region.Proper integration of medium or large PV systems in the gridmay therefore require additional functionality from theinverter, such as reactive power control. Furthermore, theincrease of average PV system size may lead to new strategieslike eliminating the DC-DC converter that is usually placedbetween the PV array and the inverter, and moving the MPPTto the inverter, resulting in increased simplicity, overallefficiency and a cost reduction. These two characteristics arepresent in the three-phase inverter that is presented here, withthe addition of a fuzzy MPPT control that shows excellentperformance.
2. Proposed System Description
The system that has been simulated consists of a photovoltaicarray with a peak power of 100kW connected through a DCbus to a three-phase inverter that is connected to an ideal 400Vgrid through a simple filter, as shown in Fig. 2.The MPP tracker is integrated in the inverter control (Fig.3),as there is no DC-DC converter in the chosen configuration.The whole system was simulated in Matlab-Simulink.
A.PV Array Simulation
The PV array is simulated using a model of moderatedcomplexity based on . In this model, a PV cell isrepresented by a current source in parallel with a diode, and aseries resistance as shown in Fig. 1. There is no need for amore complex model with a second diode and / or a shuntresistance. The photo current I
depends on the irradiance
and the cell temperature
. The current I
provided by thecell can be calculated as:Where the saturation current I
is temperature dependent,
isthe charge of an electron,
is Boltzmann's gas constant and
is the idealising factor of the diode. The module is anassociation of solar cells in parallel and series. Extending theprevious cell model to a module, a similar equation can befound. But it is more useful to express such an equation interms of the open circuit voltage
and short circuit currentI
, as these can be estimated from the open circuit voltageand short circuit current in standard conditions that are usuallyprovided by module manufacturers, and their lineardependence on