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Open Educational Resources

Open Educational Resources

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Web-based educational tools hold the promise of both reducing the cost of higher education and helping learners complete their degrees.
Web-based educational tools hold the promise of both reducing the cost of higher education and helping learners complete their degrees.

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Published by: Center for American Progress on Feb 03, 2012
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7Cfjuf~ bl~ Ghf~dcgj [~lo~fss p L{fj Fevcgudljg` ^fslv~cfs
L{fj Fevcgudljg` ^fslv~cfs
 Ull`s ul Mf`{ >7su Cfjuv~t Suvefjus Gcmdfrf Umfd~[lsusfcljeg~t Fevcgudlj Olg`s gje Iff{ Ghf~dcg Clh{fududrf
Bfn~vg~t >;7>
Dju~levcudlj
L{fj clv~sfg~f gje lmf~ l{fj fevcgdljg` ~fslv~cfs g~f nfodjjdjo l e~g mfgufjdlj l mdomf~ fevcgdlj {l`dcthgif~s gje lmf~ `fgef~s* _mt< Sdh{`t {v, mfsf fn(ngsfe fevcgdljg` ll`s ml`e mf {~lhdsf l nlm ~fevcdjo mf cls l mdomf~fevcgdlj gje mf`{djo `fg~jf~s l clh{`ff mfd~ efo~ffs nt {~lrdedjo gccfss l l{wvg`dt clv~sf hgf~dg`s gje djs~vcdlj*Nt ~gedcg``t ~fevcdjo mf clss l clv~sf cljfj, ef`drf~t l djs~vcdlj, f}nllis,gje ~f`gfe hgf~dg`s mfsf l{fj ~fslv~cfs cgj hgif cl``fof hl~f gl~egn`f* Bv~mf~, nt fjgn`djo ‐`fg~jdjo(~lh(gjtmf~f‘ l~ svefjs ml mgrf l~i gje ghd`t ln`dog(dljs, mf sghf fcmjl`lodfs {~lrdef f}{gjefe gccfss l mdomf~ fevcgdlj l~ hd``dljsl jlj~geddljg` `fg~jf~s*
 Umf ngsdcs lb L{fj Fevcgudljg` ^fslv~cfs, l~ LF^
 Gccl~edjo l VJFSCL, ‐mf cljcf{ l L{fj Fevcgdljg` ^fslv~cfs -LF^$ efsc~dnfsgjt fevcgdljg` ~fslv~cfs -djc`vedjo cv~~dcv`vh hg{s, clv~sf hgf~dg`s, f}nllis,s~fghdjo rdefls, hv`dhfedg g{{`dcgdljs, {lecgss, gje gjt lmf~ hgf~dg`s mg mgrf nffj efsdojfe l~ vsf dj fgcmdjo gje `fg~jdjo$ mg g~f l{fj`t grgd`gn`f l~ vsf nt fev(cgl~s gje svefjs, dmlv gj gcclh{gjtdjo jffe l {gt ~ltg`dfs l~ `dcfjsf ffs*‘Dj geeddlj, ‐mf f~h LF^ ds `g~of`t stjljthlvs dm gjlmf~ f~h1 L{fjClv~sf_g~f, l~ LC_, g`mlvom mf `guf~ hgt nf vsfe l ~ff~ l g s{fcdc, hl~f s~vc(v~fe svnsf l LF^* Gj L{fj Clv~sf_g~f ds efjfe nt mf LC_ Cljsl~dvh gs―g~ff gje l{fj edodg` {vn`dcgdlj l mdom wvg`dt vjdrf~sdt(`frf` fevcgdljg` hgf~dg`s*Ufsf hgf~dg`s g~f l~ogjdqfe gs clv~sfs, gje lfj djc`vef clv~sf {`gjjdjo hgf~dg`sgje frg`vgdlj ll`s gs f`` gs mfhgdc cljfj*—‘
7
LF^ odrfs mf vsf~ ~ff -jl(cls$ gccfss l fevcgdljg` ~fslv~cfs g`ljo dm {f~hdssdljl ~frdsf, ~fvsf, ~fhd}, gje ~feds~dnvf mf cljfj l mlsf fevcgdljg` ~fslv~cfs*
>
 
>Cfjuf~ bl~ Ghf~dcgj [~lo~fss p L{fj Fevcgudljg` ^fslv~cfs
^fevcdjo suvefju clsus
LF^ mgs mf {lfjdg` l e~gsdcg``t ~fevcf mf cls l f}nllis gje clv~sf ef`drf~t,hgidjo cl``fof hl~f gl~egn`f l~ hd``dljs l svefjs* Gj ghnddlvs {~lafc dj _gsmdjolj Sgf efhljs~gfs mf {lfjdg` l~ LF^ l ~frl`v(dljdqf mdomf~ fevcgdlj nt ~fevcdjo clss gje hgidjo cl``fof hl~f gl~egn`f* @gs tfg~mf sgf vjrfd`fe ds L{fj Clv~sf @dn~g~t, mdcm hgifs {vn`dc`t grgd`gn`f mf jfcfssg~t ~fslv~cfs l~ 5>«dj~levcl~t clhhvjdt(cl``fof clv~sfs―djc`vedjo st``gnd, ~fgedjos,gcdrddfs, gssfsshfjs, gje f}nllis* Svefjs clv`e {gt gs `du`f gs %3; l~ fgcm clv~sf*
3
 Gccl~edjo l Cgn`f O~ffj, ed~fcl~ l f@fg~jdjo gje L{fj Fevcgdlj l~ mf _gsmdjoljSgf Nlg~e l~ Clhhvjdt gje fcmjdcg` Cl``fofs1 ‐Uf~f ds g ndo djcfjdrf l~ sgf`fods`gv~fs, ml ~fov`g~`t s{fje hd``dljs lj svefj jgjcdg` gde mg ds vsfe l {v~cmgsff}{fjsdrf f}nllis, l djrfs dj c~fgdjo l{fj`t `dcfjsfe f}nllis gje cv~~dcv`vh mgsvefjs cgj vsf l~ ~ff gje mg lmf~ cl``fofs d`` cljsgj`t gee l gje dh{~lrf*
5
Uf Vjdrf~sdt l Hgssgcmvsfus Ghmf~s lf~s gjlmf~ vsfv` f}gh{`f* @gs tfg~ mfscmll` djrfsfe %7;,;;; l efrf`l{ clv~sfs mg vsf fgsd`t gccfssdn`f lj`djf ~fslv~cfsdjsfge l clhhf~cdg` f}nllis* VHgss Ghmf~s—s L{fj Fevcgdlj Djddgdrf dsf}{fcfe l sgrf ds svefjs hl~f mgj %?>,;;; gjjvg``t*
6
Djc~fgsdjo fju~f{~fjfv~dg` `fg~jdjo
L{fj fevcgdljg` ~fslv~cfs gje l{fj clv~sfg~f g`sl g~f mf`{djo l hgif {lssdn`f ghvcm hl~f fj~f{~fjfv~dg` g{{~lgcm l `fg~jdjo* Dj mds gof l f}fjsdrf edsgjcf `fg~j(djo l{dljs d ds g`hls g odrfj mg d g svefj ds djf~fsfe dj g clv~sf mg ds jl grgd`gn`f`lcg``t, mg svefj cgj je g clh{g~gn`f clv~sf grgd`gn`f lj`djf g gjlmf~ djsdvdlj*Slhf svefjs hgt frfj je mg mfd~ nfs `fg~jdjo l{dlj ds jl ljf lf~fe nt gjgcc~fedfe {lssfcljeg~t djsdvdlj* Sfrf~g` slv~cfs l ~ff djs~vcdlj g~f grgd`gn`f lmf ofjf~g` {vn`dc m~lvom l{fj clv~sfg~f sdfs svcm gs Cg~jfodf Hf``lj Vjdrf~sdt—sL{fj @fg~jdjo Djddgdrf, _gsmdjolj Sgf Clhhvjdt Cl``fof—s L{fj Clv~sf@dn~g~t, gje HD—s L{fjClv~sf_g~f*Hgjt l mfsf lj`djf `fg~jdjo l{dljs g~f nfclhdjo hl~f sl{mdsdcgfe* Uft cgjjl ol nftlje edscvssdlj nlg~es gje fn(ngsfe `f smg~djo gje djsfge lf~djs~vcdlj mg ~fs{ljes l mf jffes l djedrdevg` `fg~jf~s -sff jf} sfcdlj$*Svefjs cgj frfj sv{{`fhfj mg `fg~jdjo dm lmf~ ~fslv~cfs svcm gs c`gss~llh`fcv~fs nt {~lfssl~s ~lh f`df djsdvdljs grgd`gn`f lj sdfs svcm gs [ff~ > [ff~Vjdrf~sdt, g o~gss~lls l{fj fevcgdlj {~lafc*
 
3Cfjuf~ bl~ Ghf~dcgj [~lo~fss p L{fj Fevcgudljg` ^fslv~cfs
Dj g e~ghgdc sdoj l ml wvdci`t mdjos g~f cmgjodjo, slhf l mg f hdom lmf~dsfcg`` ‐~geddljg`‘ {lssfcljeg~t djsdvdljs g~f djcl~{l~gdjo mds sghf ~ff cv~~dcv`vhdjl mfd~ vddlj(ngsfe clv~sf hlef`s* Hl~flrf~, mf sg~(v{ Lhjdgcgefht ds {~lrde(djo g gt l~ {~lfssl~s l stjedcgf mfd~ clv~sfs l lmf~ cl``fofs lrf~ mf Djf~jf* Gjtg Ighfjfq jlfs dj
 Fev{vjis, Fev{~fjfv~s, gje umf Clhdjo U~gjsbl~hgudlj lb Mdomf~ Fevcgudlj
mg mds clv`e nf g gt l~ svefjs l ‐gif g {mtsdcs clv~sf g HDgje g ~lnldcs clv~sf g Cg~jfodf Hf``lj, gje mgrf d g`` cf~dfe gs ~gjsf~ c~feds dmdj mfd~ mlhf vjdrf~sdt*
2
Dh{~lrdjo lj`djf `fg~jdjo
Lj`djf `fg~jdjo l{dljs, g ~s, f~f lfj avs gjlmf~ l~hg `fg~jf~s clv`e vsf lgif {g~ dj cl``fof edsgjcf `fg~jdjo {~lo~ghs* legt, mlfrf~, dm jf slg~fcg{gnd`ddfs, lj`djf clv~sfs hgt nf n~fgidjo mf hl`e jl lj`t l edsgjcf `fg~jdjo nvg`sl gcf(l(gcf djs~vcdlj* Cg~jfodf Hf``ljs Lj`djf @fg~jdjo Djddgdrf ds nvd`edjog jf idje l cv~~dcv`vh mg vsfs fn(ngsfe djs~vcdlj dm g ds―djedrdevg`gssfsshfjs fhnfeefe djl frf~t djs~vcdljg` gcdrdt* Uds g{{~lgcm ds vsfe l c~fgfffengci `ll{s l~ frg`vgdlj gje cljdjvlvs dh{~lrfhfj* Egg ~lh mfsf gssfss(hfjs {~lrdefs ffengci l lv~ gvedfjcfs1
•
Svefjs ~fcfdrf dhhfedgf ffengci lj mfd~ lj {f~l~hgjcf
•
Djs~vcl~s `fg~j ml svefjs g~f eldjo gje cgj vsf mg l gd`l~ gcf(l(gcf djs~vc(dljg` clh{ljfjs, mf~f lf~fe
•
Clv~sf efsdojf~s ogdj ffengci lj mf ffcdrfjfss l mf djs~vcdlj, mdcm cgj `fgel clv~sf dh{~lrfhfjs
•
^fsfg~cmf~s cgj hgif cmgjofs dj mf clv~sf l fs `fg~jdjo mfl~dfs G Efcfhnf~ >;;4 g~dc`f dj Djsdef Mdomf~ Fe jlfe mg mg ds f}cddjo gnlv mds idjel fcmjl`lodcg` efrf`l{hfj ds mg d mgs o~fg {lfjdg` l~ ‐g mtn~de g{{`dcgdlj l mf l{fj(`fg~jdjo {~lo~gh mg, djsfge l ~f{`gcdjo {~lfssl~s, ~dfs l vsf mfh hl~fffcdrf`t*‘
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^fsfg~cm mgs lvje mg dj mf cgsf l gj dj~levcl~t `frf` sgdsdcs clv~sf,clhndjdjo l{fj(`fg~jdjo slg~f dm l ffi`t 6;(hdjvf c`gss sfssdljs g``lfesvefjs l hgsf~ mf hgf~dg` dj mg` mf dhf*
C~fefjudg`djo l{fj `fg~jdjo
Uf gergjgof l `fg~jf~s olfs frfj v~mf~, sdjcf hgjt l mfsf `fg~jdjo l{{l~vjddfscgj nf gccfssfe mfmf~ l~ jl g `fg~jf~ ds l~hg``t fj~l``fe g gj djsdvdlj* G `fg~jf~, l~f}gh{`f, clv`e djef{fjefj`t gcwvd~f cl``fof(`frf` `fg~jdjo m~lvom dvjfs Vjdrf~sdt,Imgj Gcgefht, [ff~ > [ff~ Vjdrf~sdt l~ lmf~ l{fj slv~cfs* Ufj m~lvom g {~dl~ `fg~jdjogssfsshfj, l~ [@G, mf `fg~jf~ clv`e g{{`t l mgrf mg `fg~jdjo frg`vgfe l~ cl``fof c~fed*

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