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Participants at theDecember 19, 2011 Ukraine-EUSummit were able to deliveronly a formal announcement on
nalization of negotiations thatstated that “chief negotiators
had reached a common
understanding on the full text of the Association Agreement.” It
became clear that real reason of EU reluctance to move forwardwas their concern with the way
Ukraine was developing in theeld of democracy. Comments
on the Summit’s results differed
drastically depending on theirorigin. This paper explains what
the authors feel should bereally made out of the Summit’sresults, and lays out Ukraine’s
path forward. It also examinesUkrainian polling data to showincreasing support for thatcountry joining the EU.
Ukraine and EU:Challenges that Loom Ahead
by Mykola Kapitonenko, Oleh Shamshur, and Valeryi Chalyi
Ukraine-EU Summit is Over:What’s Next?
Ukraine-EU Summit, whichtook place in Kyiv on December 19,was initially expected to consummateat the highest level the long lasting andextremely complicated negotiations onconcluding the Association Agreementbetween Ukraine and EU, thus sealingUkraine’s European strategic choice.Several days beore the Summit, Presi-dent Victor Yanukovych once againunderscored its utmost importance orUkraine, having said that 2012 wouldbecome the year o European integra-tion or this country (Ukraine will hostthe European Football Championships jointly with Poland then).Ukraine’s negotiations with the EUover the Association Agreement werelaunched more than our years agounder President Victor Yuschenko asa part o his policies o European andEuro-Atlantic integration. Notwith-standing noticeable changes that havetaken place in Ukrainian domesticand external policies o late, Euro-pean aspirations have been shared by virtually all segments o Ukrainiansociety. Te majority o Ukrainianshave supported the idea o the country joining the European Union, or“Europe,” to which Ukraine belongsgeographically, historically, and cultur-ally.While designing his electoral strategy,then-presidential candidate VictorYanukovych embraced the idea o European integration. Aer becomingUkraine’s ourth president and in spiteo signing the highly controversialKharkiv Accords, which prolongedthe Russian Black Sea Fleet’s presencein Sebastopol or another 25 yearsin exchange or a natural gas pricediscount, and in spite o eectively halting Ukraine’s NAO membershipdrive by pushing or the law estab-lishing Ukraine’s “non-block” (non-aliated) status, he has declared theEuropean direction to be a top priority o Ukraine’s oreign policy. Continua-tion o the negotiations on the Asso-ciation Agreement, including theDeep and Comprehensive Free radeArea (DCFA), was thereore givena green light, and since then, they progressed at a considerable speed.By December 2011, negotiating teamshad managed to resolve practically allsignicant outstanding issues: substan-tively, the Association Agreement wasready or initialing, at least. However,perorming this purely technical acthas turned out to be impossible or theEuropean Union, and the participantsat the December 19 Summit were notable to deliver anything more than aormal announcement on nalizationo negotiations that stated that “chie negotiators had reached a common