1. Whether this Court should apply the holdingin
Grupo Mexicano de Desarollo, S.A. v. Alliance Bond Fund, Inc
., 527 U.S. 308 (1999), to the AlienTort Statute (“ATS”) so as to require federal courtsto apply the methodology that existed when theJudiciary Act of 1789 was enacted to determine theparties and claims that may be recognized as part of a tort committed in violation of the law of nations.2. Whether this Court should use the rulingbelow by Judge José Cabranes to clarify its holding in
Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain
, 542 U.S. 692 (2004), tomake clear the methodology to be used in ATS casesfor determining the parties and claims cognizable intort under the law of nations, and thereby reduce theconfusion in the lower federal courts regarding thescope of ATS jurisdiction.