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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Course Overview
2 Factors Limiting Capacity
2.1 Cell Throughput
2.1.1 Influence of Loading factor
2.1.2 Influence of External Interference
2.1.3 Influence of Eb/No value
2.1.4 The influence of orthogonality
2.2 Hard Blocking
2.5 Prioritising Actions
3 Reducing Mutual Interference
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Pilot Pollution
3.2.1 The High Site
3.2.2 Considerations when Down-Tilting
3.3 The Optimum Value of Down-tilt
4 Optimising Network Parameters
4.1 Introduction
4.2 RNC Parameters
4.2.1 BLER target
4.2.3 Cell reselection times
4.2.4 Reselection hysterisis
4.2.5 RACH power offset
4.3 Cell Parameters
4.3.1 Pilot power
4.3.2 DL power per bearer
4.3.3 Soft Hand Over Margin
4.3.4 Exercise 1
4.3.5 Exercise 2
4.3.6 Further Issues regarding soft hand over
4.3.7 Noise Rise (UL Loading Factor) Limit
5 Providing Additional Hard Capacity
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Channel Elements
5.3 Fixed network capacity
5.4 High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
6 In-building Solutions
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The interference loop
6.3 The Dead-zone effect
6.4 Hand over from indoor to outdoor
6.4.1 Engineering the border region
6.5 Implementing the in-building cell
6.5.1 Choice of Node B
6.5.2 Distribution methods
6.5.3 Radiating cables
6.5.4 Field measurements to verify the implementation
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Micro-cell and In-building cells compared
7.3 The Theory behind the Micro-cell
7.3.1 Pilot Power Settings
7.3.2 Engineering the Micro-cell
7.3.3 What can go wrong?
7.3.4 Detecting Problem Areas
7.4 Hotspots straddling macro cell boundaries
7.5 Propagation modelling for micro cells
7.6 Multiple micro cells
7.7 Limiting factors
8 The Effect of Further Site Sectorisation
8.1 The sectored antenna
8.2 Increasing the level of sectorisation
8.3 Using simulations to assess the effectiveness
8.3.1 Vital statistics:
8.3.2 Estimates of capacity
8.4 Neighbour Planning
9 Using Additional Carriers – Hierarchical Cell Structures
9.1 Spectrum Allocation
9.2 Deploying extra carriers in the macro cell layer
9.2.1 A test case
9.3 Fixed network provisioning
9.4 Carrier loading strategy
9.5 Hierarchical cell structures
9.5.1 Capacity of micro-cells using separate carriers
9.5.2 Pilot and common channel powers in micro-cells
9.5.3 Link budgets for micro-cells
9.5.4 Multi-layer strategies for dense urban environments
9.5.5 Hand over between carriers
10 Implementing Diversity Systems
10.2 Definition of Fading
10.3 Receive Diversity
10.4 Transmit Diversity
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UMTS Optimization and Network Evolution

UMTS Optimization and Network Evolution

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Published by daihiepthandieu

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Published by: daihiepthandieu on Feb 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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