He called on adversaries to provide evidence, even in relation to matters that are obviously false. Thereason for that is to show the importance of evidence and to demonstrate the value of argument. It isreported in a Hadeeth that Bilaal, may Allah be pl
eased with him, once came to ask the Prophet’s
permission to call adhaan for the morning prayer and found him crying. He asked the Prophet why he wascrying. The Prophet answered:
‘O Bilaal, how can I not cry when Allah (SWT) revealed to me tonight:‘Beho
ld! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day,- there are
indeed Signs for men of understanding,’
(Surat-aal-Imraan (3), ayah 190)
The Prophet of Allah, may Allah be pleased with him, added
‘O woe to anyone who read
s this verse and
doesn’t ponder upon it.’
(Narrated by Ibn Abu Dunya in his book
Thus you can see that Islam does not restrict ideas or imprison the mind, but rather guides it to workwithin its proper limits. It informs human beings of how little they know and calls on them to increase theirknowledge. Allah (SWT) says:
‘Of knowledge it is only a little that is communicated to you, (O men!).’
Israa’ (17), ayah 85)
And He also says:
‘...but say "O my Lord! advance me in knowledge."’
(Surat-Taha (20), ayah 114)
Classification of the articles of Islamic ‘Aqaa’id.
The Islamic creed can be divided into four main sections each of which has many sub-sections:
(Theology): This section studies matters related to Allah (SWT) such as His attributes, HisNames and His actions. This also includes the obligations on the servant of Allah towards his Lord as aresult of these beliefs.
This section considers matters related to the Prophets, peace be upon them,such as their attributes, their immunity from sin
, their functions and the need for their message.Under this section fall matters which relate to pious people, may Allah be pleased with them, the miracles,acts of divine grace
and divine scriptures.
(The Soul): This section considers matters related to the unseen world such as angels,
may Allah’s peace be on them, the jinn and the soul.
(Eschatology): This section studies matters related to life in the grave and the Hereaftersuch as the conditions of the grave, the signs of the Last Day, Resurrection, coming face to face withAllah, the Reckoning and Reward or Punishment.