VOL 334 4 NOVEMBER 2011
pages 610 & 648page 666
Porphyrin-Sensitized Solar Cells withCobalt (II/III)–Based Redox ElectrolyteExceed 12 Percent Efﬁciency
Simultaneous modiﬁcation of the dyeand redox shuttle boosts the efﬁciencyof a dye-sensitized solar cell.
>> Perspective p. 607
Structural Dynamics of a CatalyticMonolayer Probed by Ultrafast 2D IRVibrational Echoes
D. E. Rosenfeld
A method to track fast vibrational motionin solution has been extended to catalyticallyimportant solid/liquid interfaces.
A Fluoride-Derived ElectrophilicLate-Stage Fluorination Reagentfor PET Imaging
A palladium compound facilitates rapidincorporation of radioactive ﬂuoride intoprospective tracers for medical imaging.
Ionic Liquid–Mediated SelectiveConversion of CO
to CO atLow Overpotentials
B. A. Rosen
Carbon dioxide reduction reactions,a key step in creating fuels from thisgas, can be achieved in an ionic liquid.
Wireless Solar Water Splitting UsingSilicon-Based Semiconductors andEarth-Abundant Catalysts
S. Y. Reece
An artiﬁcial water-splitting system was builtusing abundant materials and sunlight.
Hot Carrier–Assisted IntrinsicPhotoresponse in Graphene
N. M. Gabor
Photoexcited electrons in graphene remainthermally excited because they cannottransfer this energy to lattice vibrations.
>> Perspective p. 610
The Pace of Shifting Climate in Marineand Terrestrial Ecosystems
M. T. Burrows
Ecologically relevant measures ofcontemporary global climate changecan predict species distributions andvulnerabilities.
>> Perspective p. 613; Report p. 660
Atmospheric Blocking and AtlanticMultidecadal Ocean Variability
Changing ocean circulation patterns andsea surface temperatures affect atmosphericﬂow in the North Atlantic region.
>> Perspective p. 612
The Inﬂuence of Late Quaternary Climate-Change Velocity on Species Endemism
Regions with low glacial-interglacialclimate-change velocity were essentialrefuges for many small-ranged species.
>> Perspective p. 613; Report p. 652
Long-Term Change in the Nitrogen Cycleof Tropical Forests
The ratio of stable isotopes in leaves and woodreveals an increase in nitrogen availabilityin Panamanian and Thai tropical forests.
Neural Mechanisms for the Coordinationof Duet Singing in Wrens
E. S. Fortune
The brains of duetting wrens encode theentire song and not just the contributionof the individual.
Microbiome ModulatesHost Developmental and MetabolicHomeostasis via Insulin Signaling
S. C. Shin
Successful development of fruit ﬂies dependson a gut bacterium that interacts with itshost’s insulin-signaling pathway.
N-Terminal Acetylation Acts as an AvidityEnhancer Within an InterconnectedMultiprotein Complex
D. C. Scott
Acetylation of an amino-terminal methionineis important for mediating speciﬁcprotein-protein interactions.
mTORC1 Senses Lysosomal Amino AcidsThrough an Inside-Out Mechanism ThatRequires the Vacuolar H
Cellular sensing of amino acids occurs at thelysosome and is mediated by the vacuolarproton pump.
>> Perspective p. 611
RNAP II CTD Phosphorylated onThreonine-4 Is Required for HistonemRNA 3
Phosphorylation of a single conserved aminoacid in higher eukaryotes plays a speciﬁc rolein processing histone messenger RNA genes.
CENH3 Is Sufﬁcientfor Centromere Formation
M. J. Mendiburo
A speciﬁc histone is sufﬁcient for theformation of a functional and heritablecentromere in the fruit ﬂy.
Exercise and Genetic Rescue of SCA1 viathe Transcriptional Repressor Capicua
J. D. Fryer
Gentle exercise can ameliorate diseaseseverity in a mouse model of a fatalneurodegenerative disease.
>> Perspective p. 606
Bidirectional Control of Social Hierarchyby Synaptic Efﬁcacy in Medial PrefrontalCortex
Manipulation of the neural circuitdetermining social status allows subordinatemice to move up the hierarchy and dominantmice to go down.
>> Perspective p. 608
Social Network Size Affects Neural Circuitsin Macaques
Executing social cognition successfullyrequires more brain power.
>> News story p. 578;
C R E D I T S ( T O P T O B O T T O M ) : N A T H A N I E L G A B O R / M I T ; M E L I S S A J . C O L E M A N A N D E R I C S . F O R T U N E
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