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Table Of Contents

Schema of Risk Assessment and Management
Layers of Protection (Fig. 2)
Risk Presentation
Acceptable Risk
Fig. 5 Framework for Risk Criteria: As Low as Reasonably Practicable (ALARP)
SECTION II: ACCIDENT EFFECT ANALYSIS
Examples of Emission Source (Emergency Unplanned Releases)
1. GAS DISCHARGE
2. LIQUID DISCHARGES
3. TWO-PHASE FLOW
4. FRACTION FLASHED FROM LIQUID DISCHARGE
5. SLOWLY EVAPORATING POOL
DISPERSION MODELS
TABLE 3 Pasquill Stability Meteorological Conditionsa,b
Daytime insolation Nighttime conditions
Neutral and Positively Buoyant Plume and Puff Models
FORMULA FOR CONTINUOUS PLUME DISPERSION:
FORMULA FOR INSTANTANEOUS PUFF EMISSIONS:
2. EXPLOSIONS AND FIRES
Unconfined Vapor Cloud Explosions and Flash Fires
BLEVE and Fireball
Pool Fires and Jet Fires
Pool Fire Models
ESTIMATION OF EFFECTS OF ACCIDENTS: PROBIT ANALYSIS
Probit = Y = k1 + k2 ln V ..( 32)
Type of injury or damage Causative
) Likely Effects at Criterion Level
Interaction between Process Units
FAULT TREES
Fault Tree for Exothermic Reactor System
EVENT TREES
Exothermic Reactor System
PROBABILITY THEORY IN CHEMICAL RISK ASSESSMENT
Operations:
Bayesian Estimation
Mean, median and mode of a distribution
Mean (or Expectation):
Standard Deviation:
Coefficient of Variation:
Moment Generating Function:
Binomial Distribution:
Standard Normal Distribution:
The Normal Distribution Curve
Lognormal Distribution:
The Lognormal Distribution Curve
Weibull distribution:
Poisson Distribution:
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Chemical Process Safety Notes

Chemical Process Safety Notes

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Published by: SujathaKs on Feb 05, 2012
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08/02/2013

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