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Genetically Modified Organisms, Consumers, Food Safety and t

Genetically Modified Organisms, Consumers, Food Safety and t

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Published by: Daisy on Nov 17, 2008
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08/15/2010

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FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2001
 
Editing, design, graphics and desktop publishing:
Editorial GroupFAO Information Division
The designations employed and the presentation of material in thisinformation product do not imply the expression of any opinionwhatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country,territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitationof its frontiers or boundaries.All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in thisinformation product for educational or other non-commercial purposes areauthorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holdersprovided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in thisinformation product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibitedwithout written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for suchpermission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and MultimediaService, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100Rome, Italy or by e-mail to copyright@fao.org
©
FAO 2001
ISBN 92-5-104560-7
 
G
ENETICALLYMODIFIEDORGANISMS
 ,
CONSUMERS
 ,
FOODSAFETYANDTHEENVIRONMENT
iii
P
owerful tools provided by science and technology inrecent years have had a profound impact on the food andagriculture sector worldwide. Innovative production andprocessing methods have revolutionized many traditional sys-tems, and the worldÕs capacity to generate food products for itsgrowing population has evolved at an unprecedented rate.These developments have naturally been accompanied byradical changes in economic forces and social organization aswell as in management of the earthÕs productive resources. Ourvery relationship with nature has been overturned by technolo-gical advances that enable us not only to determine geneticimprovements through selective breeding but to modify livingorganisms and create novel genetic combinations in the quest forstronger and more productive plants, animals and fish.Understandably, such developments invariably give rise to con-troversy, and arguments for and against their implementationtend to be intense and emotionally charged.For several years now, genetic engineering has generatedplants with an innate resistance to pests and tolerance to herbi-cides. It has enabled the production of fast-growing and cold-resistant fish, for example, and cheaper, more effective vaccinesagainst livestock diseases as well as livestock feeds that increasethe animalsÕ ability to absorb nutrients; and its application inforestry has been studied with a view to increasing useful traitsin plantation trees such as poplars. Genetically modified cropsthat allow reductions in insecticides could have a positive effectin terms of environmental impact and farmersÕ production costs,although there has been insufficient time for
ex post
analyses to be feasible.
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