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101 Basic For an Organic Garden

101 Basic For an Organic Garden

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Published by Bradly Storsteen
Information For Home Gardening, This and Other Information is at http://limpys.net/
Information For Home Gardening, This and Other Information is at http://limpys.net/

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Published by: Bradly Storsteen on Feb 06, 2012
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12/08/2012

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 ==== ====For Great Tip and Information About Garndeninghttp://limpys.net/  ==== ====Are you interested in creating your own organic vegetable garden? Here are some greengardening tips that will lead you in the right direction: 10 Organic Gardening Tips 1. Test your soil: If you are looking to have a successful outcome with an organic vegetable garden, you should firsttest your soil with a do-it-yourself home testing kit before you plant anything. These testing kits canbe found at local garden centers and on the Internet at garden speciality stores. The kits use anumber scale, 0 to 14, that helps you determine the acidity or alkalinity (also known as pH) levelsof your soil. For most vegetables, an ideal number is about 6.5. If the results are too acidic(towards the low end of the scale) or too alkaline (towards the high end of the scale), your plantswill not be able reap the benefits of the soil's nutrients. Once you know the results of your soil, youwill be able to adjust the soil accordingly by balancing these levels with the nutrients it is lacking. 2. Make plans ahead of time and decide where and how you will grow your garden: Before you begin digging up your lawn, take a look at your property and decide where you wouldlike to plant a garden. Location is very important, as you will want to pay attention to the position ofthe sun throughout the day (your plants will need healthy doses of direct sunlight each day), therockiness of the ground, the drainage quality of the soil, and the location's relation to your mainwater source. If you have high quality soil in your yard and you have determined a location, you will want to takeadvantage of the benefits found in it. Healthy soils have upwards of 650 million microorganismsper one gram of soil. These organisms already present, such as earthworms and other forms ofsoil life are essential to the life of the soil and will help your garden prosper by providing yourplants with valuable nutrients and minerals. What to do if your soil is not healthy or if you do not have space for a garden at home: Build a raised bed By making a raised bed, you will have control over the garden's soil quality. When building yourbed, use untreated wood, stones, or brick as a side border and be sure to make the border at least16 inches high as the depth is important. The plants' roots will need room to stretch and grow. Consider container gardening
 
 If you are a city dweller, you do not have to miss out on the benefits of growing your own produce.Plant in containers that are large enough to accommodate root growth. Be sure they also havedrainage holes. If you are planting organic herbs, pots that are at least 6 inches across are ideal.Another helpful hint is to use plastic pots instead of terra cotta pots. Plastic may not be asaesthetically pleasing, but they will hold moisture longer and will not dry out as quickly as terracotta pots. Join a local community garden Another option is to join a community garden in your area. This is a great way to reap the benefitsof growing your own organic food if you do not have land at home. Community gardens are vacantlots or fields that have been turned into mini-farms so that members of the community can plantsmall gardens of their own. To find out if there are community gardens near you, contact your localparks and recreation department, visit the website http://www.communitygarden.org, or take astroll in your neighborhood and see if any gardens exist. If you stumble across one, step insideand ask a member what you need to do to join. 3. Select authentic, high quality organic vegetable seeds to use in your garden: Organic seeds can be found at local nurseries, garden stores, home centers, online seed stores,seed catalogs, and farm supply stores. Always make sure the seed company is "certified organic"and be sure to stay away from any seeds that are "genetically engineered." To save money, startgrowing the seeds indoors and transplant outdoors when ready. 4. Make your own compost: Compost, also known as "gardeners gold," is a vital element in organic gardening that improvesthe soil structure of your garden. Compost provides a great source of nitrogen, phosphorous,potassium, and micro/macronutrients essential for plant growth. It also aids in stabilizing soilmoisture and pH which helps keep the soil cooler during the summer months. Other benefits of organic compost: Great source of food for wildlife because it attracts insects and fungi that eat decaying matter.These small animals support larger animals like songbirdsSuppresses plant diseaseAssists in controlling soil erosionActs as a mild herbicideReduces need to apply commercial fertilizersReduces amount of waste sent to landfillsReduces gas emissions that would result from transporting kitchen waste to a landfill How to compost: Build or buy a compost bin. These can be found at home centers, garden centers, and online.Place compost material in repeated layers. To give your compost the best result, alternate layersof green matter with brown matter. An example would be alternating kitchen scraps with
 
straw/stalks or dead leaves with grass clippings.Cover compost heap for optimal results. This will avoid moisture loss and keep in heat.Keep the pile moist as a wrung-out sponge.Aerate and turn compost pile over frequently.When ready, pile will look like fresh fine soil. Some ideas for good compostables: Kitchen wasteAquarium water, plants, and algaeSawdustTea leaves/coffee groundsPet rabbit or hamster droppingsEggshellsOld spicesLawn clippings (thin layer) Make leafmould: Leafmould is a dark brown, rich and crumbly material that is created from naturally decomposedAutumn leaves that have fallen onto the ground. It is an excellent soil conditioner and mulch, agreat earthworm meal, and is easy to make. To make leafmould: Collect fallen leaves (avoid evergreen leaves) and place in a container to rot Leafmould maturesbest in high moisture, so the best time to collect leaves is just after rain.Wait 9 months to a year for the leafmould to mature. 5. Use water wisely: Water conservation, harvesting, and recycling are great methods for organic gardening. Recycle/harvest rain water Not only is rainwater is a great way to hydrate your plants, but it is also an excellent way to loweryour monthly water bills, reduce storm-water runoff, and prevent flooding and erosion. It isgenerally clean, free of containments and byproducts such as minerals, fluoride and chlorine andhas a low pH which plants and soils like. Rainwater can be collected and stored using gutters,downspouts, rain barrels and/or cisterns and can be used whenever needed, even later in theseason during dry weather. Use a soaker hose A soaker hose is a great and easy way to save time and money in your garden. Water seeps outof soaker hoses and delivers water directly to your plants' roots while keeping the leaves dry,

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