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Lib Handbooks e11pre

Lib Handbooks e11pre

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Ramsar handbooks for the wise use of wetlands2
nd
edition, 2004
Handbook 11Impact assessment
Guidelines for incorporating biodiversity-related issuesinto environmental impact assessment legislationand/or processes and in strategic environmentalassessment
This 2nd edition of the Ramsar handbooks replaces the seriespublished in January 2000.
It includes relevant guidance adopted byseveral meetings of the Conference of the Parties, in particular COP7(1999) and COP8 (2002), as well as selected background documentspresented at these COPs. This second edition of the Ramsar handbooks series, like the first, hasbeen made possible through a generous contribution from theGovernment of Spain, this time through the General Directorate forBiodiversity, Ministry of Environment.
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Acknowledgements
Review of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s
Guidelines for incorporating biodiversity-related issues into environmental impact assessment legislation and/or processes and in strategic environmentalassessment 
was undertaken by the Scientific and Technical Review Panel’s(STRP) 1999-2002 Expert Working Group on Impact Assessment, withvaluable input from Andrea Athanas (IUCN) and Jo Treweek (InternationalAssociation for Impact Assessment). Annotations to the CBD guidelines toplace them into the Ramsar Convention context were prepared by impactassessment expert David Pritchard (BirdLife International).Note. This Handbook is based on Resolution VIII.9 and its Annex, with anintroductory section prepared by the Ramsar Secretariat, but also bringstogether additional information relevant to this issue. The views expressedin this additional information do not necessarily reflect the views of theRamsar Convention Secretariat or the Contracting Parties, and suchmaterials have not been endorsed by the Conference of the ContractingParties.All decisions of the Ramsar COPs are available from the Convention’sWeb site at http://www.ramsar.org/index_key_docs.htm#res. Backgrounddocuments referred to in these handbooks are available athttp://www.ramsar.org/cop7_docs_index.htm andhttp://www.ramsar.org/cop8_docs_index_e.htm.
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Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
2
Foreword
4
Section IIntroduction: Impact assessment and the RamsarConvention
5
Section IICBD Guidelines for incorporating biodiversity relatedissues into environmental impact assessment legislationand/or processes and in strategic environmentalassessment
81. Purpose and approach102. Biodiversity issues at different stages of environmentalimpact assessment113. Incorporation of biodiversity considerations in strategicenvironmental assessments214. Ways and means21Appendix 1: Questions pertinent to screening on biologicaldiversity impacts.25Appendix 2: The screening criteria.26Appendix 3: Indicative list (non-exhaustive) of examples of functions of the natural environment that are directly(flora and fauna) or indirectly (services provided byecosystems such as water supply) derived frombiological diversity.29Appendix 4: Biodiversity checklist on scoping for theidentification of the impacts of proposed projects oncomponents of biodiversity (Not exhaustive).31
Section IIIStrategic Environmental Assessment
32
Relevant Resolutions and Recommendations
Resolution VIII.9:
Guidelines for incorporating biodiversity-related issues into environmental impact assessment legislationand/or processes and in strategic environmental assessment’ adopted by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), andtheir relevance to the Ramsar Convention.
36Recommendation 6.2:
Environmental Impact Assessment 
39Resolution VII.16:
The Ramsar Convention and impact assessment: strategic, environmental and social
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