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Sustainable Urbanism - Edinburgh

Sustainable Urbanism - Edinburgh

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Published by Joakim Paz
Sustainable urbanism in Edinbourgh
Sustainable urbanism in Edinbourgh

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Joakim Paz on Feb 06, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/06/2012

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SUSTAINABLE URBANISMBA ArchitectureYear 2 -2007/2008Ralf Brand
Contributing Students:Richard BlackHelen FlynnMark FullertonJoaquim Paz Alistair Watkiss
 
G
eographical, social and historical context
Geography
Located in the north-east coast of 
G
reat Britain, Edinburgh, is thecapital of Scotland, since 1437,and its second largest city.The city council includes urban Edinburgh and a 30-square-mile(78km2) surrounding rural area.
Climate
Like much of the rest of Scotland, Edinburgh has a temperate maritimeclimate. Winters are specially mild and the proximity of the seamitigates large variations of temperature. The prevailing wind directionis south-west, associated with warm, and it has a lower annualprecipitation than most of UK cities along south-east coast.
Demographics
 According to the
G
eneral Register Office for Scotland, in 2006 thecouncil area has a resident population of 463,510 people (220,094male and 237,736 female).
 
History
The historic centre of Edinburgh is divided in two by the broad green swath of Princess Street
G
ardens. On South the view is dominated by the Castle, perchedatop the extinct volcanic crag, and to the north lies Princess Street and the NewTown.Both districts were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.The Old Town has preserved its medieval plan as many Reformation-era buildings,and in 1766 a competition to design the New Town was won by James Craig, a 22-year-old architect. The plan that was built created a rigid, ordered grid, which fittedwell with enlightenment ideas of rationality.Today the New Town is considered by many to be one of the finest examples of 
G
eorgian architecture and planning in the world.
Economy
With the strongest economy of any city in the UK outside London and been recentlyannounced as one of the fastest growing city regions in Europe, the strength of Edinburgh's economy is reflected by its
GD
P per capita, which was measured at£27,600 in 2004.Largely based around the services sector:
education
and
health
,
finance
and
business services
,
retailing
and
tourism
are the main areas of activity.Unemployment in Edinburgh is low at 2.2%, which has been consistently below theScottish average.
Culture
Edinburgh, declared the first UNESCO City of Literature, has a long literarytradition, going back to the Scottish Enlightenment, cultural movement whichproduced influential personalities as the philosopher 
D
avid Hume and the pioneer of economics, Adam Smith.Home for many libraries, museums and art galleries and well-known for theEdinburgh Festival, a collection of official and independent festivals held annuallyover about four weeks from early August, helping to attract to the city around 13million visitors a year.

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