The historic centre of Edinburgh is divided in two by the broad green swath of Princess Street
ardens. On South the view is dominated by the Castle, perchedatop the extinct volcanic crag, and to the north lies Princess Street and the NewTown.Both districts were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.The Old Town has preserved its medieval plan as many Reformation-era buildings,and in 1766 a competition to design the New Town was won by James Craig, a 22-year-old architect. The plan that was built created a rigid, ordered grid, which fittedwell with enlightenment ideas of rationality.Today the New Town is considered by many to be one of the finest examples of
eorgian architecture and planning in the world.
With the strongest economy of any city in the UK outside London and been recentlyannounced as one of the fastest growing city regions in Europe, the strength of Edinburgh's economy is reflected by its
P per capita, which was measured at£27,600 in 2004.Largely based around the services sector:
are the main areas of activity.Unemployment in Edinburgh is low at 2.2%, which has been consistently below theScottish average.
Edinburgh, declared the first UNESCO City of Literature, has a long literarytradition, going back to the Scottish Enlightenment, cultural movement whichproduced influential personalities as the philosopher
avid Hume and the pioneer of economics, Adam Smith.Home for many libraries, museums and art galleries and well-known for theEdinburgh Festival, a collection of official and independent festivals held annuallyover about four weeks from early August, helping to attract to the city around 13million visitors a year.