SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
OMTEX CLASSES2011-12 8 YEARS OF SUCCESS
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STANDARD X
Metallic character decreases from left to right in a period.
Atoms of metals tend to lose electrons, whereas those of non
metals tend to gainthem.ii.
In a period, as we go from left to right, atomic number increases, increasing thenumber of electrons and protons.iii.
These additional electrons are placed in the same outer shell and are stronglyattracted towards the positively
This strong attraction does not allow loss of electrons, causing metallic character todecrease from left to right in a period.
Elements in the same group show the same valency.
Valency is the number of electrons given, taken or shared by an atom to completeits outermost shell.ii.
All the elements in the same group have the same number of electrons in theiroutermost shells.iii.
Thus, all these elements take, give or share the same number of electrons.iv.
Hence, elements in the same group show the same valencys.
Q3. Answer the following
How could the modern periodic table remove various anomalies of Mendeleev’s
A periodic table is a tabular arrangement of elements such that the elements can beclassified on the basis of their common properties.ii.
Properties of elements are related to their electronic configuration which in turndepends on their atomic numbers.iii.
In the modern periodic table, the elements are arranged in the ascending order of theiratomic numbers such that the elements having similar properties fall in the same group.iv.
This arrangement removed various anomalies of Mendeleev’s periodic table which
depended on atomic masses of the elements.
In modern periodic table, which are the metals, non metals and metalloids among thefirst 20
Ans. In the modern periodic table, among the first 20 elements, following are the metals,non
metals and metalloids.