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Table Of Contents

CONCLUSION
QUESTIONS
REFERENCES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES
CASE STUDY
Safety Legislation
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT
WHO IS COVERED?
OSHA STANDARDS
ORIGIN OF OSHA STANDARDS
Horizontal and Vertical Standards
FINDING THE OSHA ACT
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS OF THE ACT
EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS
INSPECTIONS
INSPECTION PROCESS
CITATIONS AND PENALTIES
APPEALS PROCESS
OSHA-APPROVED STATE PROGRAMS
STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
NIOSH AND OSHRC
FUTURE TRENDS
Workers’ Compensation and Recordkeeping
EARLY WORKERS’ COMPENSATION LAWS
MODERN WORKERS’ COMPENSATION LAWS
EXEMPTIONS
PREMIUM CALCULATION
Experience Modification
Retrospective Rating
SELF-INSURED
RECORDKEEPING
Case Study
Background
Who Must Keep Records
Forms
OSHA 300, 300A, and 301 Forms
Recordable Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
First Aid Cases
Fatalities
Privacy Concern Cases
Posting Annual Summary Requirements
Safety-Related Business Laws
IMPORTANT TERMINOLOGY
ROLE OF THE SAFETY PROFESSIONAL
PRODUCT LIABILITY
Product Safety Act
Theories of Product Liability
Lawsuits
CONTRACTS
INSURANCE
INTRODUCTION
THE CONCEPTS OF RISK, INCIDENTS, AND ACCIDENTS
ACCIDENT CAUSATION THEORIES
Single Factor Theory
Domino Theories
Heinrich’s Domino Theory
Bird and Loftus’s Domino Theory
Marcum’s Domino Theory
Multiple Causation Accident Theories
Multiple Factors Theory
Systems Theory of Causation
Psychological/Behavioral Accident Causation Theories
Goals Freedom Alertness Theory
Motivation Reward Satisfaction Model
Human Factors Theory
Energy-Related Accident Causation Theories
Energy Release Theory
Swiss Cheese
INCIDENT INVESTIGATION
Introduction to Industrial Hygiene
WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE?
What Do We Mean by the “Art” of Industrial Hygiene?
Figure 6.1. Tenets of industrial hygiene
What About the Science of Industrial Hygiene?
HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE
Figure 6.2. The dose-response relationship
TOXICOLOGY
Routes of Entry
Acute and Chronic Exposures
Figure 6.3. Routes of entry for toxic substances
Chemical Interactions
Figure 6.4. Interactions of two or more toxic substances
Classification of Toxic Materials
Toxicity versus Risk
Precautionary Principle
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE PRACTICE
Recognition
Figure 6.5. The practice of industrial hygiene
Figure 6.6. Four categories of occupational health hazards
Evaluation
Control
Figure 6.7. Controls of health hazards in the workplace
Ergonomics and Safety Management
INTRODUCTION TO ERGONOMICS
Definition of the Term “Ergonomics”
Ergonomics is Multidisciplinary
Ergonomics Objective
Applying Ergonomics: An Overview
APPLYING ERGONOMICS: IN DETAIL
Operator-Machine Systems
PEOPLE VARIABLES
Anthropometry
Biomechanics
CLASSIFICATION OF BODY MOVEMENT, POSTURES, AND POSITIONS
PHYSIOLOGICAL CATEGORIES OF MOVEMENT
Abduction/Adduction
Figure 7.1. An example of arm abduction and adduction
Figure 7.2. Examples of wrist flexion and extension
Figure 7.4. An example of wrist supination and pronation
Circumduction
Flexion/Extension
Neutral Plane/Deviation
Rotation
Supination/Pronation
Operational Categories of Movement
ADDITIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PEOPLE VARIABLE
Cumulative Trauma Disorders
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Tendinitis
Tenosynovitis
CTD Symptoms
NFPA 704
DOT MARKING SYSTEM
OSHA REGULATIONS
Figure 8.8. Example of oily waste safety can
FIRE CASE HISTORY
MANAGING THE FIRE PROGRAM
WRITTEN PROGRAM
Photo 9.1. Minnesota Bridge Collapse
DEFINITIONS
HISTORY OF SYSTEM SAFETY
IMPORTANCE OF SYSTEM SAFETY TODAY
SYSTEM LIFE CYCLE
Table 9.1. System Life Cycle
MANAGEMENT OF SYSTEM SAFETY
Figure 9.2. System safety functions
Organizational Location
Organizational Interfaces
Implementation Difficulties
Elements of a System-Safety Program Plan (SSPP)
TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES
Preliminary Hazard Analysis
Subsystem Hazard Analysis
Figure 9.3. Hazard Assessment Matrix
Hazard Analysis Techniques
Technic of Operations Review (TOR)
Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction (THERP)
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
Figure 9.4. Basic FTA symbology
Fault Hazard Analysis (FHA)
Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
Figure 9.5. A simple FTA
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS (JSA)
Reasons for Conducting a JSA
Who Should Conduct JSAs?
Procedures and Various Methods Used to Perform JSAs
Various Methods for Performing JSAs
Selecting the Job
Figure 9.6. Job Safety Analysis Worksheet
Completing the JSA
Effectively Using a JSA in Loss Prevention
An Example
Figure 9.7. JSA for a hydraulic line replacement
ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION
Accident Types
Managing the Safety Function
PLANNING
ORGANIZING
Figure 10.1. Typical organizational chart
CONTROLLING
DIRECTING
STAFFING
COMMUNICATIONS
EVALUATION OF THE SYSTEM
OSHA GUIDELINES
CASE STUDIES
BASIC TERMINOLOGY
MOTIVATION
Goal-Directed School
Maslow’s Needs-Hierarchy Theory
Figure 11.2. Maslow’s Needs-Hierarchy model of motivation
McClelland’s Need-Achievement Theory
Herzberg’s Motivation Hygiene Theory
Behavioral School
Pavlov
Skinner
THE RATIONAL EMPLOYEE: APPLYING MOTIVATION THEORIES
ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND THE SAFETY CULTURE
INCENTIVES VERSUS INHERENT REINFORCEMENT
EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT AND JOB ENRICHMENT
Improving Safety Performance with Behavior-Based Safety
MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT BEHAVIORAL SAFETY
BASIC DEFINITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY
PRINCIPLES AND STRATEGIES OF BEHAVIORAL SAFETY
COMMON PROBLEMS WITH SAFETY EFFORTS
A PROCESS FOCUSING ON IMPROVING SAFETY BEHAVIOR
BEHAVIOR SAMPLING FOR PROACTIVE MEASURES
EMPLOYEE-DRIVEN PROCESSES AND PARTIAL EMPOWERMENT
IMPLEMENTING BEHAVIORAL APPROACHES
How to Implement Behavioral Safety—Common Steps
How to Conduct a Safety Assessment
How Can We Identify Critical Behaviors?
Steps of the Observation Process
Steps for Continuous Improvement
SAFETY COACHING
Steps in the Coaching Process
Employee Disenchantment
Revenge
Violence
DEFUSING A TIME BOMB: THE VIOLENT EMPLOYEE
Nonharassment Policy
Pre-Employment Screening
Drug Testing
Employee and Management Training
Crisis Management Planning
Liaison with Local Law Enforcement
Terrorism Preparedness
HISTORIC INFORMATION
OVERVIEW
RESPONSIBILITIES
Planning
Activities
Production
Bottlenecks
Location of Your Property
Fences and Entrances
Clear Area around the Premises
Doors, Windows, and Other Openings
Ventilation and HVAC Systems
Lighting Systems
Communication Systems
Continuity of Operations (COOP)
Security Systems
Surveillance Systems
Guards and Sentries
Entry and Movement of Vehicles and Visitors
Entry and Movement of Employees
Computers and Networks
Threats
Mail and Packages
YOUR ROLE
Hazardous Materials
BACKGROUND
WHAT IS A HAZARDOUS WASTE?
DETERMINING GENERATOR STATUS
OBTAINING AN EPA IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
MANAGING HAZARDOUS WASTE ON-SITE
CERCLA
SARA
WORKER PROTECTION STANDARDS
CONTINGENCY PLANS
HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL
Additional Reporting Requirements
EPA WEARS MANY HATS
HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Written Program
Labeling
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
Training
CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS
Falls from Elevations
Figure 16.1. Lax safety practices in residential construction
Figure 16.2. Ladder hazard
Struck by and Caught In-between
Electrical Shock
Other Hazards
Trenching
Figure 16.3. Confined space hazard
Figure 16.4. Potential for collapse
Figure 16.5. Saw without guard
MULTIEMPLOYER WORKSITE POLICY
Doctrine History
Contractor Qualifications and Programs
Transportation Safety
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION
What Is a Hazardous Material?
Hazardous Material Table
Shipping Papers
Emergency Response Information
Placarding
Driver Training
Emergency Response Planning
Emergency Response Equipment
Spill Prevention and Response
Emergency Response Plan
Hazardous Materials Spills and the EPA
Incident Reporting
Security Plan
FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS
Commercial Driver’s License
Figure 17.1. Divisions for different groups of vehicles
Driver Qualifications
Driver Condition
Emergency Equipment
Maintenance of Accident Registers and Reports
DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING
Testing Process
Test Preparation
Specimen Collection
Medical Review Officer
Laboratory
Alcohol Testing
Drug and Alcohol Testing Programs
Record Retention
Annual Reports
Notification of Test Results
Background Checks
Figure 17.2. Record Retention Periods
Employee Information
Rehabilitation
FLEET SAFETY
Driver Authorization
Preventive Maintenance
Vehicle Operation
Risk Management
Introduction to Extreme Weather
BASIC METEOROLOGY
EXTREME WEATHER
Tropical Storms/Hurricanes
Table 18.1. Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Intensity Scale
Severe Thunderstorms
Winter Storms
Flood Events
Heat Waves
Cold Waves
Fire Weather
RESOURCES TO MONITOR AND FORECAST EXTREME WEATHER
National Weather Service
Terminology
Weather Radio
Internet Resources
Required Written Programs
SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM
HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM
EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN
FIRE PREVENTION PLAN
EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN
PERMIT-REQUIRED CONFINED SPACE PLAN
Manufacturers and Suppliers
Federal Regional Offices
State Compliance Offices
Index
About the Authors
P. 1
Fundamentals of Occupational Safety and Health

Fundamentals of Occupational Safety and Health

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,625 |Likes:
Published by RowmanLittlefield
The fifth edition of this popular handbook provides a thorough and up-to-date overview of the occupational safety and health field and the issues safety professionals face today, and does so in an accessible and engaging manner. An excellent introductory reference for both students and professionals, Fundamentals of Occupational Safety and Health provides practical information regarding technology, management, and regulatory compliance issues, covering crucial topics like organizing, staffing, directing, and evaluating occupational safety programs and procedures. Author Mark Friend addresses all major occupational safety and health topics in this comprehensive volume, including safety-related laws and regulations, hazardous materials, workplace violence, the threat of terrorism, and OSHA's recordkeeping standard. This new edition has been updated to keep up with new regulations and statistics, and it includes a brand new chapter on transportation safety. Two chapters have also been completely rewritten to reflect current practice-those on Industrial Hygiene and Terrorism Preparedness. The volume includes a handy directory of resources such as safety and health associations, First Responder organizations, and state and federal agencies. This directory, together with the text, gives readers a wealth of occupational safety and health information right at their fingertips.
The fifth edition of this popular handbook provides a thorough and up-to-date overview of the occupational safety and health field and the issues safety professionals face today, and does so in an accessible and engaging manner. An excellent introductory reference for both students and professionals, Fundamentals of Occupational Safety and Health provides practical information regarding technology, management, and regulatory compliance issues, covering crucial topics like organizing, staffing, directing, and evaluating occupational safety programs and procedures. Author Mark Friend addresses all major occupational safety and health topics in this comprehensive volume, including safety-related laws and regulations, hazardous materials, workplace violence, the threat of terrorism, and OSHA's recordkeeping standard. This new edition has been updated to keep up with new regulations and statistics, and it includes a brand new chapter on transportation safety. Two chapters have also been completely rewritten to reflect current practice-those on Industrial Hygiene and Terrorism Preparedness. The volume includes a handy directory of resources such as safety and health associations, First Responder organizations, and state and federal agencies. This directory, together with the text, gives readers a wealth of occupational safety and health information right at their fingertips.

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Publish date: 1996
Added to Scribd: Feb 06, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781605907079
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