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3.0 Heredity and Variation

3.0 Heredity and Variation

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Published by Imelda Nyaun

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Imelda Nyaun on Feb 06, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/23/2014

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2/6/20121
3.0 HEREDITY AND VARIATION3.1 CELL DIVISION
 
2/6/20122
3.1.1 Genes, Deoxyribonucleic acid3.1.1 Genes, Deoxyribonucleic acid(DNA) and Chromosomes(DNA) and Chromosomes
Chromosomes
are a long, fine, thread-likestructures found in the nucleus
It builds from molecules called
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Every species has its own number of chromosomes per cell to store their heredityinformation
Example
humans
possess
46 chromosomes
2 types of chromosomes:1.
Autosomes
 –controls all somatictraits (blood group, body weight &skin colour)2.
Sex chromosomes
 –determinegender
 
2/6/20123
In human:44 autosomes + 2 sex chromosomes = 46chromosomes
2 types of sex chromosomes:
XY
 –chromosomes in males
XX
 –chromosomes in femalesMale Chromosomes

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