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Ch10

Ch10

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Published by: Daisy on Nov 17, 2008
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05/06/2013

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Source and Effect 
10.1DEFINITION
Waste Types IncludedWaste Types Not Included
10.2 SOURCES, QUANTITIES, AND EFFECTS
SourcesQuantitiesEffects
Characterization
10.3PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL CHARACTER-ISTICS
Fluctuations in Solid Waste QuantitiesComponent Composition of MSWComponent Composition of BulkyWasteDensityParticle Size, Abrasiveness, and OtherPhysical CharacteristicsCombustion Characteristics
Proximate CompositionUltimate Composition Heat Value
BioavailabilityToxic Substances in Solid Waste
10.4CHARACTERIZATION METHODS
Purposes of Solid WasteCharacterizationBasic Characterization MethodsEstimation of Waste QuantitySampling MSW to EstimateComposition
Selecting SamplesCollecting Samples
Number of Samples Required to EstimateCompositionSorting and Weighing Samples of MSW
Sorting AreasSorting ContainersContainer LabelingSorting ProcessWeighing Samples Dumping Samples
Processing the Results of SortingVisual Characterization of BulkyWasteSampling MSW for LaboratoryAnalysis
 Mixed Sample versus Component SampleTesting Laboratory ProceduresCollecting Material for LaboratorySubsamples
Review and Use of Laboratory ResultsEstimating Combustion Characteristics Basedon Limited Laboratory Testing
10
Solid Waste
R.C. Bailie
J.W. Everett
Béla G. Lipták 
David H.F. Liu
F. Mack Rugg
Michael S. Switzenbaum
©1999 CRC Press LLC
 
10.5IMPLICATIONS FOR SOLID WASTEMANAGEMENT
Implications for Waste ReductionImplications for Waste ProcessingImplications for Recovery of UsefulMaterialsImplications for Incineration and EnergyRecoveryImplications for Landfilling
 Resource Conservation and  Recovery
10.6REDUCTION, SEPARATION, ANDRECYCLING
Municipal Waste Reduction
Product Reuse Increased Product Durability Reduced Material Usage per Product Unit  Decreased Consumption Reducing Waste Toxicity
Separation at the Source
“Bottle Bills
Recycling
PlasticToxic SubstancesPaper Glass Metals Rubber  Incinerator Ash
10.7MATERIAL RECOVERY
Role of MRFs and MRF/TFsMRFs for Source-Separated Waste
Paper and Cardboard  Aluminum and Tin CansPlastic and Glass
MSW Processing
 MRF Plant for Partially Separated  MSW  Material Recovery Plant 
10.8REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL (RDF)
RDF Preparation PlantGrades of RDFModeling RDF Performance
Treatment and Disposal
10.9WASTE-TO-ENERGY INCINERATORS
Mass-Burn and RDF IncineratorsPlant Design
Concept of State-of-the-Art  Design Basis
Process Design
Waste Receiving and StorageFeeding SystemsThe Furnace Heat Recovery Incinerators (HRIs) Residue Handling Air Pollution Control (APC)
Instrumentation
10.10 SEWAGE SLUDGE INCINERATION
Sludge Incineration EconomicsIncineration Processes
Flash-Dryer Incineration Multiple-Hearth IncinerationFluidized-Bed IncinerationFluidized-Bed Incineration with Heat  Recovery
10.11ONSITE INCINERATORS
LocationSelectionChargingAccessoriesControlsDomestic and Multiple-DwellingIncineratorsMiscellaneous Onsite Incinerators
10.12PYROLYSIS OF SOLID WASTE
Pyrolysis Principles
 Energy Relationships Effect of Thermal FluxSolid SizeTypes of Equipment 
Experimental DataStatus of Pyrolysis
10.13 SANITARY LANDFILLS
Landfill Regulations
 Location Restrictions Emissions, Leachate, and Monitor-ing
Siting New Landfills©1999 CRC Press LLC
 
©1999 CRC Press LLC
 Estimating Required Site Area Exclusive and Nonexclusive SitingCriteria
DesignLandfill TypesLeachate Control
Final Cover and Surface Water Controls LinersCollection and Leak DetectionSystems Leachate Disposal Systems Leachate Monitoring
Gas ControlSite Preparation and LandfillOperationClosure, Postclosure, and End UseSpecial LandfillsConclusion
10.14COMPOSTING OF MSW
Aerobic Composting in MSWManagement
Separated and Commingled Waste
Cocomposting Retrieved Organics withSludge
Municipal Composting Strategies

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