portable version for $80 000.To complement its camera, Millitech is developing computer software that will scan images produced by thecamera and alert a human operator if it spots something suspicious. Fooling the computer will not be easy. "Isuppose you could hide a gun inside a hot water bottle filled with water at body temperature." suggestsBohrer. "But the system would still pick up the rubber bottle." The only way to beat it will be to hide objectsinside the body. The Millitech camera could be a voyeur's delight. At close range, males and females can beeasily distinguished, says Bohrer. The intensity of the millimetre waves that human flesh emits depends onits temperature. A man's genitals are slightly cooler than the rest of the body so they appear darker. Bohrer says that the computerized scanning system will safeguard people's privacy by doing away with the need for routine human surveillance.While millimetre-wave cameras ruffle through pockets and clothes, microwave imaging devices will lookinside the human body for contraband hidden in even more intimate places (see "The Pocket Radar Revolution, "New Scientist", 12 August). Developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory inCalifornia, these devices comprise two tiny radars that broadcast microwave impulses and listen for thereflections. Each radar controls its range by briefly opening its "ears" a short time after each pulse isbroadcast, ignoring echoes from nearer or more distant objects. This effectively creates a shell around theradar, which typically has a radius of a few metros. By using two radars with shells that overlap, and varyingthe size of each shell, it is possible to map an entire volume of space.Such devices have enormous potential for surveillance. They could make strip-searches a thing of the past,for example. To a trained operator, foreign objects inside the body will show up as easily as those outside. And because microwaves pass easily through walls and doors, similar systems could be used to mount adiscreet surveillance operation. The radar set should cost only a few dollars to assemble. It is already littlebigger than a bar of soap, and could be made much smaller. Only the computing power to assemble theimage will be expensive and bulky.Further down the electromagnetic spectrum, the military electronics manufacturer Raytheon has come upwith a way of detecting metal objects using radio waves with wavelengths of a few metros. idea is that theradiation will excite electrons in a metal object which will radiate energy as they settle back into a lower energy state. The intensity and duration of this secondary radiation will depend on the size and shape of theobject. Raytheon hopes to build a detector that bathes people with radio waves, and matches the secondarysignal that this produces against a library of radio signatures from objects such as handguns and knives. For the moment, however, it is not clear how accurately this can be done. Artificial sniffers that will identify us by our smell are another technology that is appearing on the horizon. Oneday such scent sensors could be as common as the video cameras that have sprouted over the past fewyears in city, streets, over road junctions, and inside shopping centers, airports and railway stations. "If youbuild new shopping mall, you could have sniffers all over the place," predicts George Dodd, a researcher with the Highlands Scientific Research Group at the Craig Dunain Hospital in Inverness, and theacknowledged father of the electronic nose. The sniffers could monitor how often an individual visits a store,identify known shoplifters as they enter and alert security staff if necessary. "You could detect intruders in anoffice, even identify them," Dodd claims.Police forces in Holland, Germany and Hungary have extensive databanks of human smells taken withswabs from crime scenes, which they use to set sniffer dogs on the track of the culprit.With electronic noses, however, everybody's smell could be stored on computer, says Dodd. In future, smellcould be used as evidence of a person's identity much as fingerprints and DNA tests are today.Now let's see the important information below if we use the millimetre waves cameras:"People are stripped of their clothes and become featureless, luminous humanoids. Silhouetted againsttheir bodies and suspended as if by magic, hang coins, buckles, pens and keys. Cars are dark and sinister,although their hot radiator grills are bright. Only the steel in reinforced concrete shows up, so buildings lookmore like cages of copper pipes and electricity cables than homes and offices. There is little privacy in theworld revealed by the millimetre-wave camera. Sitting rooms, bedrooms, bathrooms and lavatories allmerge into one open space. People sit in their cages watching warm boxes, others sleep while suspendeda few centimetres above the floor.........It is a world where there will be nowhere to hide, nor anywhere to hide anything. There are already devicesunder development that will see through walls and strip-search suspects from a distance, looking under their clothes and inside their bodies.Millimetre waves sit in the electromagnetic spectrum between the infrared and microwaves. They areemitted by anything that contains water, especially if it is warm. The human body is an excellent source, andit stands out like a beacon at these frequencies."The above information has proven that in 1997, civilians scientist already can use the millimeter wavescamera to spy on people from a distance when people are at home or building.
converted by Web2PDFConvert.com