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Table Of Contents

1.1. What is Indoor Air Pollution
1.2. Ventilation Systems
1.3. Exposure Risks
1.4 Numerical Modeling of Indoor Air Flow
1.5 Comments
Fluid Flow Fundamentals
2.1 Conservation Equations
2.2 Ideal Fluids
2.2.1 Conformal mapping
2.2.2 Schwarz–Christoffel transform
2.2.3 Numerical mapping
2.2.4 Superposition for stream functions
2.3 Turbulence
2.4 Species Transport
2.5 Comments
Contaminant Sources
3.1 Types of Contaminants
3.2 Units
3.3 Materials
3.4 Typical Operations
3.5 The Diffusion Equation
3.6 Diffusion in Air
3.7 Evaporation of Droplets
3.8 Resuspension of Particulate
3.9 Coagulation of Particulate
3.10 Comments
Assessment Criteria
4.1 Exposure
4.2 Economics
4.3 Comments
Simple Modeling Techniques
5.1 Analytical Tools
5.2 Advection Model
5.3. Box Model
5.4 Comments
Dynamics of Particles, Gases and Vapors
6.1 Drag, Shape, and Size of Particles
6.2 Particle Motion
6.2.2 Particle motion in electrostatic field
6.2.3 Particle motion induced by temperature gradients
6.3 Particle Flow in Inlets and Flanges
6.4 Comments
Numerical Modeling – Conventional Techniques
7.1 Finite Difference Method
7.1.1 Explicit
7.1.2 Implicit
7.1.3 Upwinding
7.2 Finite Volume Method
7.2.1 FDM
7.2.2 FVM
7.3 The Finite Element Method
7.3.1 One-dimensional elements
7.3.1.1 Linear element
7.3.1.2 Quadratic and higher order elements
7.3.2 Two-dimensional elements
7.3.2.1 Triangular elements
7.3.2.2 Quadrilateral elements
7.3.2.3 Isoparametric elements
7.3.3 Three-dimensional elements
7.3.4 Quadrature
7.3.5 Time dependence
7.3.6 Petrov–Galerkin method
7.3.7 Mesh generation
7.3.8 Bandwidth
7.3.9 Adaptation
7.3.9.1 Element subdivision
7.4 Further CFD Examples
7.5 Model Verification and Validation
7.6 Comments
Numerical Modeling – Advanced Techniques
8.1 Boundary Element Method
8.2 Lagrangian Particle Technique
8.3 Particle-in-cell
8.4 Meshless Method
8.4.1 Application of meshless methods
8.4.1.4 Radial basis functions (RBFs)
8.4.2 Example cases – Heat transfer
8.4.2.1 Heat transfer in a 2-D plate
8.4.2.2 Singular point in a 2-D domain
8.4.2.3 Heat transfer within an irregular domain
8.4.2.4 Natural convection
8.5 Molecular Modeling
8.6 Boundary Conditions for Mass Transport Analysis
8.7 Comments
Turbulence Modeling
9.1 Brief History of Turbulence Formulation
9.2 Physical Model
9.2.1 Turbulent flow
9.2.2 Two-equation turbulence closure models
9.2.6 Derivation of enthalpy transport
9.2.7 Turbulent energy transport
9.2.8 Turbulent transport species
9.2.9 Coupled fluid-thermal flow
9.3 Numerical Modeling
9.3.1 Projection algorithm
9.3.3.2 Matrix equations
9.3.3.4 Mass lumping
9.3.3.5 General numerical solution
9.4 Stability and Time-Dependent Solution
9.5 Boundary Conditions
9.5.1 Boundary conditions for velocity under decomposition
9.5.1.1 Viscous boundary condition for velocity
9.5.2 Boundary conditions for pressure and velocity correction
9.5.4 Boundary conditions for thermal and species transport
9.6 Validation of Turbulence Models
9.7 Comments
Homeland Security Issues
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Potential Hazards
10.2.1 Prevention and protection
10.3 A Simple Model
10.4 Other Indoor Air Quality Models
10.4.1 CONTAM 2.4 (NIST)
10.4.2 I-BEAM (EPA)
10.4.3 COMIS-MIAQ (APTG-LBNL)
10.4.4 FLOVENT (Flomerics, Inc.)
10.5 Comments
Appendix A Diffusion Coefficients in Gas
APPENDIX B 2-D Office Simulations: COMSOL and ANSWER Software
Bibliography
Index
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Modeling Indoor Air Pollution

Modeling Indoor Air Pollution

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Published by: khodabandelou on Feb 06, 2012
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