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brtplanningguidedec04

brtplanningguidedec04

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Division 44Environmental management,Water, Energy, TransportSector project: Transport Policy Advice
Module 3b:
Bus Rapid Transit
 
Sustainable Transport:A Sourcebook for Policy-makers in Developing Cities
 
 2
About the author
Lloyd Wright
University College London 
Mr. Wright is currently conducting transport planning research at University CollegeLondon. Mr. Wright formerly directed the Latin American activities of the Institute forTransportation & Development Policy (ITDP). He also directed the organisation’sInternational Bus Rapid Transit Programme. Additionally, Mr. Wright has workedwith the International Institute for Energy Conservation, the US EnvironmentalProtection Agency, the US Agency for International Development, and the UnitedNations on transport and environmental issues. He was also previously a fellow withthe US-Asia Environmental Partnership in Bangkok, Thailand. Mr. Wright is currentlyworking towards a PhD in Urban Transport Planning at University College London.He also possesses an MSc in Environmental Assessment from the London Schoolof Economics, an MBA from Georgetown University, and a BSc in Engineering fromthe University of Washington.
 
 3
Acknowledgements
The development of this Bus Rapid Transit Planning Guide has benefited from theexperiences of high-quality public transit projects from around the world. ThePlanning Guide has benefited greatly from lessons gained to date from theTransMilenio system in Bogotá (Colombia). TransMilenio represents perhaps themost complete and inventive BRT system in the world today. The assistance ofAngélica Castro and Carlos Beltrán of TransMilenio SA has been instrumental indeveloping this guidebook. Further, the former Mayor of Bogotá, Enrique Peñalosa,has become an international champion of promoting the BRT concept.Additionally, insights from municipal officials and consultants involved with the BRTsystems in Quito (Ecuador) and Curitiba (Brazil) have added greatly to the qualityand relevance of the Planning Guide. In many respects, BRT owes its existence tothe creativity and determination of Jaime Lerner, the former mayor of Curitiba andthe former governor of the state of Paraná. César Arias, who previously directedthe BRT effort in Quito and is now a consultant on the Guayaquil (Ecuador) BRTproject, has also lent considerable information for the Planning Guide. Likewise,Hidalgo Nuñez and Cecilia Rodriguez of Quito’s Department of Transport haveprovided much assistance. In Asia, Kangming Xu and the Energy Foundation arecontributing greatly to the development of BRT in China, as is Dr. Jason Chang whohas previously led BRT efforts in Taipei. In India, Dr. Dinesh Mohan and Dr.Geetam Tiwari of the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi are at the forefront ofefforts there.A number of consultancies have worked to improve the quality of BRT initiatives.Special thanks go to Luis (Pilo) Willumsen, Enrique Lillo, and German Lleras ofSteer Davies Gleave who are involved in BRT projects worldwide. Also, JarkoVlasak of StratCo, and formerly of McKinsey & Company, has helped to develop theBRT business model used in Bogo. Dario Hidalgo, Ignacio de Guzman, and JuanCarlos Díaz at Akiris have played a central role in the development of TransMilenio,and they are now leading BRT efforts in several cities. Additionally, severalconsultancies in Brazil helped to create many of the original BRT concepts; thesefirms and individuals include Paulo Custodio, the consulting team at Logit, PedroSzasz, and the consultancy of Logitrans.The Planning Guide has benefited not only from leading developing-nationexperiences but also from the growing level of interest in BRT in Australia, WesternEurope, Japan, and North America. A similar compendium of experiencesdeveloped under the United States Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP)has been a rich source of world-wide experiences in BRT. Sam Zimmerman andthe consultancy of DMJM & Harris have been leading these efforts.The concept of BRT owes much to the persistent support of key organisations thathave worked to raise overall awareness as well as provide direct assistance tointerested developing-nation cities. The Institute for Transportation & DevelopmentPolicy (ITDP) under the leadership of its Director, Dr. Walter Hook, has consistentlybeen at the forefront of providing direct assistance to developing cities pursuingsustainable transport options. Likewise, Gerhard Menckhoff, a consultant with theWorld Bank, has played a key role in catalysing BRT projects in Latin America and

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