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Continuous Improvement Through Projects

Continuous Improvement Through Projects

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Published by: Daisy on Nov 17, 2008
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12/20/2010

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THE CULTURALELEMENTS
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IntroductionStrategicContext of ProjectsOrganizationalDesignProjectOperationsInterpersonalDynamicsThe CulturalElementsNewProspectsPM:StrategicDesign andImplementationCulturalConsiderationsContinuousImprovement
Source: PROJECT MANAGEMENTDownloaded from Digital Engineering Library @ McGraw-Hill (www.digitalengineeringlibrary.com)Copyright © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.
 
THE CULTURAL ELEMENTSDownloaded from Digital Engineering Library @ McGraw-Hill (www.digitalengineeringlibrary.com)Copyright © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.
 
CHAPTER 19
CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENTTHROUGH PROJECTS
“…everything is in constant motion and every change seems an improvement.”
ALEXISDETOCQUEVILLE
, 1805–1859
19.1 INTRODUCTION 
In order to compete in today’s marketplace—much of which is overseas—a companymust have a means of continuously improving its products, services, and organi-zational processes. In order to bring about such improvements, an interdisciplinaryand interorganizational approach is required. The use of project teams has helpedin the conceptualization and realization of enterprise improvements. As the enterprisedevelops its future through the use of the “choice elements,” described in Chap. 1,and ongoing changes happen in its social, competitive, technological, political,and economic “systems,” a philosophy of how to deal with change—sometimesminor change—is needed. Project management can help in this regard.In this chapter, some examples of change brought about by project teams willbe indicated. Survival through small changes will be described through managementinnovation, continuous improvements in productivity, and product quality throughprojects. Trendsetters that set a pace for change will be described, as well as therole of product integrity. Continuous improvement in manufacturing through theuse of productivity gains, manufacturing philosophies, computer-integrated manu-facturing, and just-in-time manufacturing will be provided. The basic message of thechapter is that projects, although small in nature (as described in Chap. 3), can beused as an organizational strategy for continuous improvements in organizations.
19.2 WHY CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT? 
Continuous improvement of products, services, and organizational processes isbecoming the hallmark for success in the global marketplace. Yet there still remainsthe opportunity for major technological breakthroughs—even of the transistor, jet
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Source: PROJECT MANAGEMENTDownloaded from Digital Engineering Library @ McGraw-Hill (www.digitalengineeringlibrary.com)Copyright © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.

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