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The Writings of Chuang Tzu

The Writings of Chuang Tzu

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Published by: sean_burley_1 on Feb 07, 2012
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The Writings of Chuang Tzu.
Chuang Tzu
The book was probably written by a number of followers of Chuang Tzu. It expresses a deeplycompassionate insight into human weaknesses and sufferings, and a refreshing concern with com-mon folk and the poor which is unusual in ancient texts. Like most Chinese philosophers he didnot believe in an afterlife. He did not believe in any creator God, or any God at all in the Westernsense. But he did believe in an underlying Tao, Way or One, from which the Heaven and Earthderived. This One transfused everything in the universe from the lowest to the highest. The indi-vidual could attain mystical unity with this One by achieving complete emptiness or hsu" - a time-less state free of worries or seflish desires, open to impressions but transcending all individual ma-terial objects. Much of the Chuang Tzu focusses on the benefits of inaction.
On this it followed the Tao-te-Ching, but took its philosophy to extremes. Chuang Tzu probablylived some time in the fourth century BC. His philosophy drove him to avoid all public action - hewas, it is said, invited to become prime minister, but he declined, so as to retain his freedom. Thetwelfth century Confucian Chu Hsi said: `Lao Tzu still wanted to do something, but Chuang Tzudid not want to do anything at all. He even said that he knew what to do, but just did not want todo it.' His philosophy of social inaction is one that cannot be applied in practice. It means fatalism,acceptance that one can change nothing, indifference to the fate of others, and socialirresponsibility. Nor did Chuang Tzu abide by this philosophy. He condemned those who wishedto become `storehouses of schemes', and to be famous teachers. If he had stuck to his own principles, we should never have heard of him.
 A drawing of Chuang Tzu
The Writings of Chuang Tzu
Table of Contents
 Part I.
Book I, "Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease."
Book II, "The Adjustment of Controversies
Book III, "Nourishing the Lord of Life."
Book IV, "Man in the World, Associated with other Men,"
Book V, "The Seal of Virtue Complete
Book VI, "The Great and Most Honoured Master,"
Book VII, "The Normal Course for Rulers and Kings."
 Part II.
Book VIII, "Webbed Toes."
Book IX, "Horse's Hooves."
Book X, "Cutting Open Satchels."
Book XI, "Letting Be, and Exercising Forbearance,"
Book XII, "Heaven and Earth,"
Book XIII, "The Way of Heaven,"
Book XIV, "The Revolution of Heaven,"
Book XV, "Ingrained Ideas."
Book XVI, "Correcting the Nature."
Book XVII, "The Floods of Autumn,"
Book XVIII, "Perfect Enjoyment."
Book XIX, "The Full Understanding of Life,"
Book XX, "The Tree on the Mountain,"
Book XXI, "Thien Tsze-fang,"
Book XXII, "Knowledge Rambling in the North,"
 Part III.
Book XXIII, "Kang-sang Khû,"
Book XXIV, "Hsü Wû-kwei,"
Book XXV, "Tseh-yang,"
Book XXVI, "What Comes from Without."
Book XXVII, "Metaphorical Language."
Book XXVIII, "Kings who have wished toresign the Throne,"Book XXIX, "The Robber Kih,"Book XXX, "Delight in the Sword Fight."Book XXXI, "The Old Fisherman."
Book XXXII, "Lieh Yü-khâu."
Book XXXIII, "Historical Phases of TâoistTeaching,"

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