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Table Of Contents

Definition of Juvenile Delinquency
Brief History of “Delinquency”
Juvenile Delinquency Law in Illinois
Plan of This Book
19th-Century Reform Efforts and Practices
Long-Term Juvenile Institutions
Late 19th-Century Developments
Early 20th-Century Developments
Arrest Data
Arrest Patterns
Gender
Race
Juvenile Court Data
Self-Report Data
Reliability and Validity Issues or Concerns
Conclusions of Self-Report Studies
Cohort Studies
Somatotypes and Delinquency
Contemporary Biological Explanations of Delinquency
Inheritance and Delinquency—Newer Studies
Somatotype Studies Continued
Learning Disabilities
Conditionability (ANS) and Delinquency
Psychological Explanations of Delinquency
The Psychoanalytic View
Intelligence and Delinquency
Personality Factors
Kohlberg’s Moral Development Model
Social Development Model
Pathways to Delinquency
Moffitt’s Research
Differential Association Theory
Discussion of the Theory
Drift Theory
Control Theories
Internal Controls
Social Control Theory—The Social Bond
Institutional Connections and Delinquency
A Note on General Strain Theory
“Broken Homes” and Delinquency
Family Relationships and Delinquency
The “Inheritance” of Delinquency
Corporal Punishment and Delinquency
Child Abuse and Delinquency
The School as a Source of Motivation for Delinquency
School Dropout and Delinquency
School Safety
Effects of School Shootings and Prevention Efforts
Legal Rights of Students at School
Extent and Patterns of Juvenile Drug Use
D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)
Studies of Youth Gangs
Thrasher’s Study of Gangs in Chicago
Whyte’s Study of Gangs in Boston
Yablonsky’s Study of Violent Gangs in New York City
Surveys of Gangs: The 1970s to the Present
Summary of Gang Studies
MS-13—A “New” Gang Problem?
Gang Identification
Representing
Graffiti and Hand Gestures
Another Look at Female Gangs
Why Do Youth Join Gangs?
Structural Factors
Psychological and Personal Reasons for Joining a Gang
Why Do Gang Members Leave the Gang?
Attempts to Prevent or Control Gangs
Gang Suppression
Community-Based Prevention Programs
School-Based Gang Prevention
Comprehensive Gang-Prevention Efforts
Who Are Female Delinquents?
Girls, Delinquency, and Status Offenses
Girls, Delinquency, and Theory
Biological Explanations
Social Role Theory
Liberation Theory
Power Control Theory
Feminist Perspectives
Key Concepts of Labeling Theory
Labeling and Self-Concept
Labeling and Behavior
An Overview of the Modern Juvenile Justice System
The Processing of Cases through the System
Legal Guidelines for Waiver Decisions
Consequences of Transfers
Blended Sentences
Diversion
Restorative Justice
The Role of the Police in Juvenile Justice
Processing Cases
The Court System
Decision-Making Factors
The Police
The Courts
Other Considerations
Summary
Youth Courts
Correctional Facilities
Characteristics of Long-Term Institutions
Structural Organization
Effectiveness of Correctional Institutions
Treatment and Prevention Programs
Treatment Programs within Institutions
Delinquency Prevention Programs
EPILOGUE
INDEX
ABOUT THEAUTHOR
P. 1
Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Delinquency

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Published by RowmanLittlefield
Juvenile Delinquency offers a timely and comprehensive look at the issues of criminal behavior and justice related to young persons. In this highly readable text, Donald J. Shoemaker grounds his readers with a historical perspective, then presents a series of sharply focused chapters on schooling, religion, and family, as well as sections on drug use, gangs, and female delinquency. With a strong emphasis on the importance of theory and practice, Juvenile Delinquency is a must-read for understanding crime and youth culture.
Juvenile Delinquency offers a timely and comprehensive look at the issues of criminal behavior and justice related to young persons. In this highly readable text, Donald J. Shoemaker grounds his readers with a historical perspective, then presents a series of sharply focused chapters on schooling, religion, and family, as well as sections on drug use, gangs, and female delinquency. With a strong emphasis on the importance of theory and practice, Juvenile Delinquency is a must-read for understanding crime and youth culture.

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Publish date: Sep 26, 2008
Added to Scribd: Feb 07, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780742565807
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