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Table Of Contents

Introduction
The History and Development of Forensic Scientific Evidence
The Problem of Junk Science: Frye and the Daubert Trilogy
Admissibility of DNA at Trial
DNA: The New Gold Standard
Postconviction DNA Testing
FIGURE 3.2 Blood spot analyzed as Ruelas’s DNA.
Fingerprint Evidence
The “Who” Question
FIGURE 4.1 Photograph of a dusted fingerprint.
FIGURE 4.2 Photograph of a fingerprint revealed by fuming.
FIGURE 4.3 Micro-x-ray fluorescent fingerprint images.
Handwriting Comparison
Hair Analysis
More “Who” Questions
Bite-Mark Analysis
Tool Marks and Firearms
The “How” Question
Bullet Lead Comparison
FIGURE 6.6 The Sacco and Vanzetti jury with three sheriffs.
Fire, Explosion, and Arson Evidence
Bloodstain Pattern Evidence
Eyewitness Identification Experts
Forensic Abuse Syndromes
Conclusions about Social Science Evidence
The “CSI” Myth
Jurors and Forensic Science Evidence
The “Tech” Effect
“Negative” Evidence
Voir Dire, Argument, and Jury Instructions
The Last Twenty Years: An Era of Doubt
Conclusions: Where Do We Go from Here?
Daubert’s Change in the Legal Standard for Admissibility
The Impact of DNA Exonerations
The Impact of the National Academy of Sciences Report
The Impact of New Technology Awareness by Jurors
The Current State of Forensic Science Evidence in Criminal Cases
Thoughts about the Future of Criminal Forensic Science
Notes
Index
About the Author
P. 1
Forensic Science in Court: Challenges in the Twenty First Century

Forensic Science in Court: Challenges in the Twenty First Century

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Published by RowmanLittlefield
Forensic Science in Court explores the legal implications of forensic science—an increasingly important and complex part of the justice system. Judge Donald Shelton provides an accessible overview of the legal aissues, from the history of evidence in court, to "gatekeeper" judges determining what evidence can be allowed, to the "CSI effect" in juries.

The book describes and evaluates various kinds of evidence, including DNA, fingerprints, handwriting, hair, bite marks, tool marks, firearms and bullets, fire and arson investigation, and bloodstain evidence. Assessing the strengths and limitations of each kind of evidence, the author also discusses how they can contribute to identifying the "who," "how," and "whether" questions that arise in criminal prosecutions.

Author Donald Shelton draws on the depth of his experiences as courtroom prosecutor, professor, and judge, to provide a well-rounded look at these increasingly critical issues. Case studies throughout help bring the issues to life and show how forensic science has been used, both successfully and not, in real-world situations.
Forensic Science in Court explores the legal implications of forensic science—an increasingly important and complex part of the justice system. Judge Donald Shelton provides an accessible overview of the legal aissues, from the history of evidence in court, to "gatekeeper" judges determining what evidence can be allowed, to the "CSI effect" in juries.

The book describes and evaluates various kinds of evidence, including DNA, fingerprints, handwriting, hair, bite marks, tool marks, firearms and bullets, fire and arson investigation, and bloodstain evidence. Assessing the strengths and limitations of each kind of evidence, the author also discusses how they can contribute to identifying the "who," "how," and "whether" questions that arise in criminal prosecutions.

Author Donald Shelton draws on the depth of his experiences as courtroom prosecutor, professor, and judge, to provide a well-rounded look at these increasingly critical issues. Case studies throughout help bring the issues to life and show how forensic science has been used, both successfully and not, in real-world situations.

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Publish date: Aug 2010
Added to Scribd: Feb 07, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781442201897
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