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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Geography
Azerbaijan: The Country and the People
History
The Economic Regions of Azerbaijan4
A 40-Year Perspective
Patterns of Agricultural Growth in Azerbaijan
Changes in Factor Use
Agricultural Productivity
Investment in Agriculture
The Design and Implementation of Land Reform
Agrarian Reform Policies Leading to Recovery
Growth of the Individual Sector: Land and Livestock
Individualization and Recovery
Individualization and Productivity
Outcomes of Reform: Rural Incomes and Poverty
Land Reform and Rural Incomes
Land Reform and Rural Poverty Reduction
Factors Tending to Increase Rural Poverty in Azerbaijan
Rural Poverty in Azerbaijan Today: A Mixed Picture
Conclusion: Looking Beyond Agrarian Reform in Azerbaijan
The Impact of Land Reform: Individualization of Farming
Overall Agricultural Policy Environment
Overall Governance and Institutions
Statistical Annex
References
Index
About the Authors
P. 1
Rural Transition in Azerbaijan

Rural Transition in Azerbaijan

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Published by RowmanLittlefield
In 1995D96 the President of Azerbaijan, Heydar Alieyev, launched a program of agrarian reforms that caused a sweeping and irreversible shift from Soviet-style collective agriculture to individual farming in his country. These reforms led to an impressive recovery and substantial productivity improvements in agriculture. The agrarian transition in Azerbaijan contrasts with that in Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan, where land privatization has been accompanied by policies encouraging the persistence of large corporate farms and where agricultural recovery has been much less impressive. For this reason Azerbaijan is today viewed as one of the few examples of successful land reform in the former Soviet Union. The impact of the Aliyev agrarian reforms went far beyond the recovery of agricultural production. The new policies had a significant impact on rural poverty and they were instrumental in increasing the incomes of Azerbaijan's large rural population, which relies on agriculture for a substantial part of the family budget. To understand the successes and limitations of land reform, Rural Transition in Azerbaijan evaluates the record of rural reforms, focusing on policy change, farm level performance, and the impact of reforms on rural incomes and rural family well-being-issues that today are at the core of the agenda in many international organizations.
In 1995D96 the President of Azerbaijan, Heydar Alieyev, launched a program of agrarian reforms that caused a sweeping and irreversible shift from Soviet-style collective agriculture to individual farming in his country. These reforms led to an impressive recovery and substantial productivity improvements in agriculture. The agrarian transition in Azerbaijan contrasts with that in Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan, where land privatization has been accompanied by policies encouraging the persistence of large corporate farms and where agricultural recovery has been much less impressive. For this reason Azerbaijan is today viewed as one of the few examples of successful land reform in the former Soviet Union. The impact of the Aliyev agrarian reforms went far beyond the recovery of agricultural production. The new policies had a significant impact on rural poverty and they were instrumental in increasing the incomes of Azerbaijan's large rural population, which relies on agriculture for a substantial part of the family budget. To understand the successes and limitations of land reform, Rural Transition in Azerbaijan evaluates the record of rural reforms, focusing on policy change, farm level performance, and the impact of reforms on rural incomes and rural family well-being-issues that today are at the core of the agenda in many international organizations.

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Publish date: Jan 2010
Added to Scribd: Feb 07, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780739143186
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