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Dbms

Dbms

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Published by Robin
Database Management Systems for B.Tech IT
Database Management Systems for B.Tech IT

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Published by: Robin on Nov 17, 2008
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07/22/2013

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CS1301CS1301CS1301CS1301- --DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 
TWO MARKS
:
UNIT: 1
INTRODUCTION AND CONCEPTUAL MODELLING INTRODUCTION AND CONCEPTUAL MODELLING INTRODUCTION AND CONCEPTUAL MODELLING INTRODUCTION AND CONCEPTUAL MODELLING 
1. Define database management system?
Database management system (DBMS) is a collection of interrelated data and aset of programs to access those data.
2. List any eight applications of DBMS.
a) Bankingb) Airlinesc) Universitiesd) Credit card transactionse) Tele communicationf) Financeg) Salesh) Manufacturingi) Human resources
3. What are the disadvantages of file processing system?
The disadvantages of file processing systems area) Data redundancy and inconsistencyb) Difficulty in accessing datac) Data isolationd) Integrity problemse) Atomicity problemsf) Concurrent access anomalies
4. What are the advantages of using a DBMS?
 
The advantages of using a DBMS area) Controlling redundancyb) Restricting unauthorized accessc) Providing multiple user interfacesd) Enforcing integrity constraints.e) Providing back up and recovery
5. Give the levels of data abstraction?
a) Physical levelb) logical levelc) view level
6. Define instance and schema?Instance:
Collection of data stored in the data base at a particular moment iscalled an Instance of the database.
Schema:
The overall design of the data base is called the data base schema.
7. Define the terms 1) physical schema 2) logical schema.Physical schema:
The physical schema describes the database design at thephysical level, which is the lowest level of abstraction describing how the data areactually stored.
Logical schema:
The logical schema describes the database design at the logicallevel, which describes what data are stored in the database and what relationship existsamong the data.
8. What is conceptual schema?
The schemas at the view level are called subschemas that describe different viewsof the database.
9. Define data model?
A data model is a collection of conceptual tools for describing data, datarelationships, data semantics and consistency constraints.
10. What is storage manager?
 
A storage manager is a program module that provides the interface between thelow level data stored in a database and the application programs and queries submitted tothe system.
11. What are the components of storage manager?
The storage manager components includea) Authorization and integrity managerb) Transaction managerc) File managerd) Buffer manager
12. What is the purpose of storage manager?
The storage manager is responsible for the followinga) Interaction with he file managerb) Translation of DML commands in to low level file system commandsc) Storing, retrieving and updating data in the database13.
List the data structures implemented by the storage manager
.The storage manager implements the following data structurea) Data filesb) Data dictionaryc) indices
14. What is a data dictionary?
A data dictionary is a data structure which stores meta data about the structure of the database ie. the schema of the database.
15. What is an entity relationship model?
The entity relationship model is a collection of basic objects called entities andrelationship among those objects. An entity is a thing or object in the real world that isdistinguishable from other objects.
16. What are attributes? Give examples.
An entity is represented by a set of attributes. Attributes are descriptive propertiespossessed by each member of an entity set.
Example:
possible attributes of customer entity are customer name, customer id,customer street, customer city.

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