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State of Colorado v. Leonard Charles Watkins

State of Colorado v. Leonard Charles Watkins

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Categories:Types, Legal forms
Published by: Nick on Feb 07, 2012
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2012 COA 15
  ______________________________________________________________________________ Court of Appeals No. 10CA0579Arapahoe County District Court No. 05CR3105Honorable Carlos A. Samour, Jr., Judge ______________________________________________________________________________  The People of the State of Colorado,Plaintiff-Appellant,v.Leonard Charles Watkins,Defendant-Appellee. ______________________________________________________________________________ ORDER VACATED AND CASEREMANDED WITH DIRECTIONSDivision VOpinion by JUDGE KAPELKE*Furman and J. Jones, JJ., concurAnnounced February 2, 2012 ______________________________________________________________________________ Carol Chambers, District Attorney, David C. Jones, Senior Deputy DistrictAttorney, Centennial, Colorado, for Plaintiff-AppellantLaw Office of George Yingling, George L. Yingling, III, Denver, Colorado, forDefendant-Appellee*Sitting by assignment of the Chief Justice under provisions of Colo. Const. art.VI, § 5(3), and § 24-51-1105, C.R.S. 2011.
 The People appeal the trial court’s order denying a motion forreconsideration of a previous order approving the use of marijuanafor medical purposes by defendant, Leonard Charles Watkins, aprobationer. We consider two issues pertaining to the merits of theorder. First, does the statutorily mandated condition of probationrequiring a probationer not to “commit another offense” while onprobation include commission of offenses under federal law? Weconclude that it does. Second, does article XVIII, section 14 of theColorado Constitution (the Medical Use of Marijuana Amendment orthe Amendment) permit a court to enter a probation order that would have the effect of exempting a probationer who obtains aregistry identification card from complying with federal criminalstatutes outlawing possession and use of marijuana for purposes of the mandatory probation condition? We conclude that it does not. Therefore, we vacate the order and remand.I.
Pursuant to a plea agreement, defendant pled guilty to a class 3felony in exchange for the dismissal of the remaining charges in twocases. The trial court sentenced defendant to probation for six years. As relevant here, the written conditions of defendant’s
2probation, to which he expressly agreed, include provisions that (1)he “will not violate any laws”; (2) he “will not use or possess anynarcotic, dangerous or abusable substance without a prescription”;(3) drug and alcohol evaluation and treatment would be left to thediscretion of the probation department; and (4) he “shall notpurchase, possess or utilize any mind altering or consciousnessaltering substance without a written lawful prescription.” Neitherthe plea agreement nor the written conditions of probationexpressly address the use of marijuana for medical purposes.
 The record does not indicate that drug use or possession wasinvolved in the underlying charges that gave rise to defendant’sfelony conviction. Further, the People have not disputeddefendant’s eligibility for a registry identification card for hischronic medical condition.
Five months after defendant was sentenced, his probationofficer filed with the court a “Special Report and Order,” whichstated that “defendant has acquired a certificate from the State of Colorado for the medical use of marijuana” and requested “furtherdirection from the court.” The Special Report and Order includedtwo boxes for the court to indicate whether the request was

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