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Roscoes 9th Cir.

Roscoes 9th Cir.

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Published by: Christopher S. Harrison on Feb 07, 2012
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02/07/2012

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This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent
*
except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
 
RANGE ROAD MUSIC, INC.; et al.,Plaintiffs-counter-defendants- Appellees,v.EAST COAST FOODS, INC.; et al.,Defendants-counter-claimants- Appellants. No. 10-55691D.C. No. 2:09-cv-02059-CAS-AGMEMORANDUM
*
RANGE ROAD MUSIC, INC.; et al.,Plaintiffs-counter-defendants- Appellees,v.EAST COAST FOODS, INC.; et al.,Defendants-counter-claimants- Appellants. No. 10-55800D.C. No. 2:09-cv-02059-CAS-AG
FILED
JAN 12 2012
MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK
U.S. COURT OF APPEALS
 
The Honorable James P. Jones, United States District Judge for the
**
Western District of Virginia, sitting by designation.
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Appeal from the United States District Courtfor the Central District of CaliforniaChristina A. Snyder, District Judge, PresidingArgued and Submitted December 9, 2011Pasadena, CaliforniaBefore: PREGERSON and PAEZ, Circuit Judges, and JONES, District Judge.
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Defendants-Appellants East Coast Foods, Inc. and Herbert Hudson(collectively, “Defendants”) appeal the district court’s grant of summary judgmentin favor of Plaintiffs-Appellees (collectively, “Plaintiffs”) for eight counts of copyright infringement, as well as the district court’s award of attorney’s fees andcosts to Plaintiffs. We affirm.
1.
Defendants first argue that Plaintiffs’ original complaint was insufficient tostate a claim of vicarious liability for copyright infringement. One “infringesvicariously by profiting from direct infringement while declining to exercise a rightto stop or limit it.”
 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd.
, 545 U.S.913, 930 (2005). Plaintiffs’ complaint contained “a short and plain statement of theclaim” of vicarious infringement.
Conley v. Gibson
, 355 U.S. 41, 47 (1957). Thecomplaint alleged “copyright infringement based on the defendants’ public performances of copyrighted musical compositions,” and pleaded specific facts to
 
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establish that the defendants exercised control over and financially benefitted fromthe performance venue.
2.
Defendants next argue that the district court should have excluded fromevidence the declaration and investigative report by Scott Greene that was the basisof Plaintiffs’ case, because Greene was never certified as an expert witness.The district court did not abuse its discretion by admitting Greene’s reportand declaration. Under Federal Rules of Evidence 601 and 701, Green’s report anddeclaration contained his competent percipient witness testimony as a visitor to theSea Bird Jazz Lounge. Identifying popular songs does not require “scientific,technical, or other specialized knowledge.” Fed. R. Evid. 702.
3.
Defendants’ third argument is that Plaintiffs were required to prove“substantial similarity” to prevail on their infringement claims.To establish a prima facie case of copyright infringement, a plaintiff “mustdemonstrate ‘(1) ownership of a valid copyright, and (2) copying of constituentelements of the work that are original.’”
 Funky Films, Inc. v. Time Warner Entm’t Co.
, 462 F.3d 1072, 1076 (9th Cir. 2006) (quoting
 Feist Pubs., Inc. v. Rural Tel.Serv. Co.
, 499 U.S. 340, 361 (1991)). “The word ‘copying’ is shorthand for theinfringing of any of the copyright owner’s [six] exclusive rights,” one of which is

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