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Ch 5 Fuel System

Ch 5 Fuel System

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Published by justcheerful

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Published by: justcheerful on Nov 18, 2008
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07/06/2010

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BASIC FUEL SYSTEM DIAGNOSIS 5-2FUEL LINES AND FllllNGS 5-2FUELLINE FITTINGS 5-2REMOVAL&INSTALLATION 5-2MULTI-POINT FUEL INJECTIONSYSTEM (MPI) 5-3GENERALINFORMATION5-3FUELSYSTEMSERVICEPRECAUTIONS 5-3RELIEVING UELSYSTEMPRESSURE 5-3THROTTLEBODY 5-3REMOVAL& INSTALLATION 5-3FUELRAILAND INJECTORS(S)5-4REMOVAL&INSTALLATION 5-4TESTING 5-8FUELPRESSUREREGULATOR -9REMOVAL& INSTALLATION 5-9PRESSURERELIEFVALVE -9REMOVAL&INSTALLATION 5-9FUEL TANK 5-10TANKASSEMBLY 5-10REMOVAL&INSTALLATION 5-10
 
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5-2, FUELSYSTEM
Whenheres a problemtarting r driving vehi- “is hereuel? will oftenead o solvingmost asic cle, woof themostmportanthecksnvolvehe g- problems.or gnition ystem iagnosisnd esting, nition nd he uelsystems.hequestions ostme- pleaseefer o the nformationnengine lectrical chanics ttempto answerirst, is there park?” ndcomponentsnd gnition ystemsound arliern thismanual.f the gnition ystemhecks ut there is spark),hen oumust eterminef the uelsystem is operatingroperlyis hereuel?).
REMOVAL&INSTALLATION
# See Figures 1 thru 7The uel ines sed nall modelsovered y hismanualrequite traightorward. ypicallyhe it- tings reeither ubber oses onnectingo steelines withclamps,r steelines onnectingo steelines using etaining oltsor lare ittings. everalittingsareunique uch s hebanjo-boltittingon he uel feed ine rom he uel ilter.ventitateuarea. Do not allow fuel spray orvapors o come n contactwith a spark orooen flame. Keena drv chemical ire extin-Observeall applicable safety precautionswhen working around uel. Whenever ervic-ing the fuel system, always work in a well___ .. _guisher near the’work &ea. Always keep uelin a containerspecifically designed or fuelstorage;also, always pmperly seal fuel con-tainers to avoid the possibility of fire or ex-plosion.Fig. 1 This photo of the fuel pump ines isan example of the type of fittings found onmost models.The return ine utilizes a rub-ber hose and a hose clamp, while the feedline utilizes a flare fittingren disconnect he hose from1 he pressure regulatorFig. 2 This fitting on the fuel pressure reg-ulator utilizes a rubber hose and a hoseclamp. Remove he hose clamp . . .
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Fig. 4 The fuel feed line-to-fuel rail fittingis held by retaining bolts. Unfasten thebolts . . .Fig. 5 . . .then remove the fuel feed linefrom the fuel injector railI1Fig. 6 The fitting on the too of the fueg;?lzI
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Fig. 7 On the banjo-bolt type fitting, it ister utilizes a banjo-bolt type fitting. Re-I Icrucial that the copper washers are re-move the bolt from the filter feed line onplaced every time the fitting is removedthe top of the filter
 
FUELSYSTEM 13
l
Alwayseplace orn uel ittingO-rings ithnew.Donotsubstituteuelhose r equivalent,here ITheMulti-PointnjectionMPI) ystems electroni- rally controlledy heEngine ontrolModuleECM), based ndatarom arious ensors.heECM ontrols the uel low, dle peed nd gnitioniming.fuelpipe s nstalled.Fuels suppliedo he njectorsyanelectricn- tankuelpump nd s distributedo he espectiven- jectors ia hemainuelpipe. he uelpressurep- pliedo he njectors constantndhigherhanhe pressuren he ntake anifold.he ressures con- trolled y he uelpressureegulator.he xcessuel is returnedo he uel ankhroughhe uel eturn ipe. When nelectric urrentlows n he njector,he injector alve s fullyopenedo supplyuel.Sincehe fuelpressures constant,heamount f he uel n- jetted rom he njectornto hemanifolds ncreased or decreasedn proportiono he ime heelectric currentlows.Based n ECU ignals,he njectorsn- ject uel o thecylindermanifold orts n firingorder. Fuel injection systems emain under pres-sure after the engine has been urned OFF.Properly relieve fuel pressurebefore discon-neetingany fuel lines. Failure to do so mayresult in fire or personal njury.1. Turn he gnitiono heOFFposition. 2. Loosenhe uel iller cap o releaseuel ankpressure.IThelow rate f theair drawnhroughheair cleaners measuredy heair lowsensor. he ir entersheair ntake lenumr manifoldhroughhe throttle ody. n he ntakemanifold,heair s mixed with he uel rom he njectorsnd s drawnnto hecylinder, he ir low ate s controlledccordingothedegreef the hrottle alve nd heservomotor openings.he ystems monitoredhrough num- berof sensors hicheed nformationnengine on- ditions nd equirementso theECM. heECM al- culateshe njectionime nd ate ccordingo he signalsrom hesensors,Safetys themostmportantactorwhen erform- ingnotonly uelsystem aintenanceutany ypeof maintenance.ailureo conduct aintenancend e- pairs n a safemanner ay esultn serious ersonalinjury r death.Maintenancend esting f thevehi- cle’s uelsystem omponentsanbeaccomplished safely ndeffectivelyyadheringo the ollowing rules ndguidelines.
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Toavoid hepossibility f fireandpersonaln- jury,always isconnecthenegativeatteryable n- less he epair r testprocedureequireshatbattery voltage eapplied.
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Alwayselievehe uelsystem ressurerior o disconnectingny uelsystemomponentinjector, fuel ail,pressureegulator,tc.),ittingor uel ine connection.xercisextremeaution henevere- Observe ll applicablesafety precautionswhenworkingaround uel. Whenever ervic-ing the fuel system,always work in a wellventilatedarea. Do not allow fuel sprayor va-pors o come n contactwith a sparkor openflame. Keepa dry chemical ire extinguishernear he work area. Alwayskeep uel in a con-tainer specifically designed or fuel storage;also, always properlyseal fuel containers oavoid he possibility of fire or explosion.3. For heMirage, iamante,nd1994-00 Galant,emovehe ear eat ushion,hen emove theservice over nddetachhe uelpump arness connector.4. For he1990-93 WDGalant,etachhe uel pump arnessonnectorocatedn hearea f the fuel ank. t may enecessaryo raisehevehicleo accessheconnector.5. For he1990-93 WDGalant,emovehecar- pet rom he runk,ocatehe uel ankwiringat he pump ccessover,hen etachhewiring. 6. Starthevehicle ndallow t to rununtil t stalls rom ackof fuel.Turn hekey o heOFFposi- tion.7. Disconnecthenegativeattery able,hen t- tach he uelpump onnector.nstallheaccess . cover, ushion r carpet snecessary.8. Wrap hop owels roundhe itting hat s be-ingdisconnectedo absorbesidualuel n he ines. 9. Place hopowelsntoproper afety ontainer. Fig, 8 Detach he connector or the throttleposition (TP) sensor
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Fig, 9 Remove the accelerator cable endfrom the throttle leverFig. IO Remove he hose shown here fromlievinguelsystem ressureo avoid xposingkin, face ndeyeso fuelspray. lease eadvisedhat fuelunder ressure ay enetrateheskinor any partof thebody hat t contacts.
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Always lace shopowelor clotharoundhe fittingor connectionrior o looseningo absorb ny excessueldue o spillage. nsurehatall fuel spillageshouldt occur)s quickly emovedrom enginesurfaces.nsurehatall fuelsoakedloths r towels redepositedntoa suitable aste ontainer.
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Always eep drychemicalClass ) ireex- tinguisherearheworkarea.
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Donotallow uelspray r uelvaporso come intocontact itha spark r openlame.
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Always se backup rench henoosening’and ighteninguel ineconnectionittings. hiswill prevent nnecessarytress nd orsiono uel inepiping. lwaysollow heproperorque pecifica- tions.REMOVAL&INSTALLATIONp See Figures 8 thru 181. Properlyelievehe uelsystem ressures outlined arliern hissection.2. Drainheengine ooling ystemntoa suit- able ontainer.3. Matchmarkhe ocation f headjuster olton heacceleratorablemountinglange. hiswill assurehat hecables nstalledn tsoriginaloca- tion.Removehe hrottle able djustingoltand disconnecthecablerom he ever n he hrottle body.Positionable side.

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