Science Journal, Vol.
Critical Ignition Temperature of Fuel-air Explosive
Zhang, Chun HuaBai,Hai Yan Dang,
Beijing Instimte of Technology, Beijing-100
The charge of fuel-air explosive (FAE) warhead usually is solid-liquid mixed fuel. The solidcomponent is aluminium powder. To meet the demand of FAE weapon usage and storage safety,in the mixed-fuel medium, there must be gaps where adiabatic compression occurs duringlaunchine overloading of warhead. Adiabatic compression makes the temperature of the medium
in the gaps to rise. High temperature can cause dxplosion of the mixed fuel during launchingacceleration of the warhead, which is very dangerous. Because the fuel is a multicomponentmixture, the critical ignitioh temperature can't be determined only by one component. Throughexperiment, the critical ignition temperature of the mixed fuel is attained, and the changingregularity of the pressure following the temperature is shown in this paper.
~eywords: dGbaticompression; critical temperature, fuel, equation .of state, fuel-air explosive,FAE, 'warhead charge, critical ignition temperature, energetic material, mixed fuel
INTRODUCTION solid explosives in physical state and principle ofdetonation. The FAE device can be classed intoThe critical ignition temperature of explosivestwo forms based on the detonation process. Oneand propellants is an important parameter, and aof these is the two-event form of the FAE device.foundation for its use and storage safety. PickardlFor this kind of FAE device, the mixed fuel is firstdiscussed the theoretical method of predicting thedispersed by the high explosive in the centre burstcritical ignition temperature of explosives andpipe (Fig.
which forms the cloud composed ofpropellants, and proposed a computational modelof this. But some parameters in the computationalthe fuel and the air. The cloud is then ignited bymodel can't be obtained easily for fuel-air explosivethe second high explosive charge. This is called(FAE). The critical ignition temperatures of manythe two-event form of the FAE device. The othersingle-component explosives can be found in someis the one-event form of the FAE device. In thisrelative documents, but nothing was found for theform, the mixed fuel is dispersing as detonatingFAE, which is a multicomponent mixtureby the high explosive in the centre burst pipe. Forone-event FAE device, the fuel is a multicomponentThe FAE is a new energetic material, whichsolid-liquid mixture, which must contain sensitivehas attracted attention of scientists working in manycomponent, because the mixed fuel is detonatingcountries in the past few years. There are differenceswhen it is being dispersed. So the critical ignitionbetweenthemulticomponent mixturesand the traditionaltemperature of the mixed fuel is very low. The