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Table Of Contents

Enabling Objectives
INTRODUCTION
ANALYZING BEAMS
Definition and Function of Beams
Figure 2. Common Materials and Sections Used for Beams
Identifying Types of Beams
Support Types
Pictures Showing Support Types
Load Types
Figure 4. Beam Load Types
Static Determinacy
Defining and Calculating Load-Shear-Moment Relationships
Figure 5. Load-Shear-Moment Relationships
Figure 6. Determine Vertical Shear Force at Any Point Along Beam
Figure 7. Shear Force
Bending Moment
Sign Convention For Bending Moment
Figure 9. Overhang Beam
Figure 10. Shear and Moment at Support B
Drawing Shear and Moment Diagrams
Procedures to Draw Diagrams
Figure 11. Drawing Shear & Moment Diagrams
Figure 12. Shear Diagram for the Overhang Beam in Algebraic Terms
Figure 13. Moment Diagram for the Overhang Beam in Algebraic Terms
Beam Diagrams - Key Points
Basic Shear and Moment Diagrams
Figure 17. Cantilever Beam Subjected to Four Types of Load
Figure 18. Simple Support Beam Subjected to Three Types of Load
Beam Diagrams - Superposition
Example 4: Beam Diagrams by Superposition
Figure 19. Cantilever Beam Loads
Figure 20b. Uniform Load
Figure 21a. Cantilever Beam with Concentrated Load
Figure 22. Combined Individual Cases
Calculating Beam Stresses
Flexural (Bending) Stress
Figure 26. Plank Beams
Example 5: Flexural and Shear Stresses in a Simple Overhang Beam
Figure 27. Simple Overhang Beam
Example 6: Flexural Stresses in a Simple T-Beam
Figure 29. Cross Section of a Simple T-Beam
Calculating Beam Deflection
Standard Tables For Beam Deflection
Conjugate Beam Method
Example 7: Beam Deflection
Figure 31. Deflections at Two Load Points (a & b)
Figure 33a. Moment Diagram for Actual Beam
Figure 33b. Loading Diagram for Actual Beam
Diagram
Finding and Using Beam Formulas
Beam Formula Work Aids
Using Beam Formula Work Aids
Superposition of Beam/Load Cases
Example 9: Superposition of Beam/Load Cases
Figure 35. Superposition of Beam/Load Cases
Figure 37. Example 10 Beam
Figure 39b. More Beam Load Cases
ANALYZING COLUMNS
Introduction
Definition and Function
Figure 40. Typical Structural Columns
Identifying Column Materials and Sections
Figure 41. Typical Column Sections
Column Analysis and Considerations
Identifying Column Types
Column Type Based on Slenderness
Figure 44a. Types of Columns Based on Slenderness
Column Type Based on Eccentricity
Figure 44b. Types of Columns Based on Eccentricity
Column Type Based on Nature of Loading
Figure 44c. Typical Loadings for Beam-Columns
Calculating Column Loads and Stresses
Ultimate Compressive Load
Compressive Yield Load
Critical (Buckling) Load
Failure Load
Factor of Safety
Allowable Load/Capacity
Example 11: Column Loads and Stresses
Figure 47. Alternate Arrangements of Column Cross-Section
Calculating Combined Bending and Axial Loading
Beam-Columns
Figure 48. Biaxial Bending about x and y Axes of the Column Cross Section
Eccentrically Loaded Columns
Example 12: Combined Axial Load and Bending in Column
Figure 50. Eccentrically Loaded Steel Column
ANALYZING FOOTINGS
Identifying and Defining Types of Footings
Figure 51. Types of Footings
Analysis Procedure
Identifying and Defining Applied Loads
Figure 52. Loads Acting on a Support Footing
Identifying and Defining Eccentric Loads on Footings
Figure 53. Footing Loads
Identifying and Defining Soil-Bearing Pressure on Footings
Centered/Concentric Load
Figure 54. Centered/Concentric Load
Combined Vertical Load and Moment
Figure 55. Combined Vertical Load and Moment
Figure 56. Vertical Load and Moment
Critical Eccentricity
Partial Compression
Example 13: Soil-Bearing Pressure for a Square Footing
Identifying and Defining Stability Ratio on Footings
Figure 60. Stability Ratio
Identifying and Defining Moment and Shear on Footings
Figure 61. Moment and Shear on Footings
Figure 63b. Wall and Footing Support Loads (Shear at Critical Section)
SUMMARY
WORK AIDS
Figure 65. Work Aid 2, Beam with Loads
Figure 67. Work Aid 3, Beam with Uniform Load
Figure 72. Work Aid 6, Beam with Uniform and Concentrated Loads
Figure 73. Loads
Figure 77. Work Aid 8, Bending Moment and Shear Diagram
Figure 79. Beam
Figure 80. Repeat of Figure 37. Work Aid 12 Beam
Figure 83b. Repeat of Figure 39b More Beam Load Cases
Figure 85. Work Aid 15, Calculating Column Load and Stresses
PRACTICE PROBLEMS
Practice Problems 1
GLOSSARY
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Published by Luqman Hakim

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Published by: Luqman Hakim on Feb 08, 2012
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