by M. D.
FACTORS AFFECTING SHOCK SENSITIVITY OF ENERGETICMATERIALS
A. Chakravarty, M.J.
M.W. Greenaway,W.G. Proud,J.E. Field
Anextensive studyhasbeen carriedoutintotherelationships betweentheparticle sizeof acharge, the density to which it is packed, the presence of inert additives and the sensitivity of the charge
shock regimes have been
The long duration shocks are provided by a commercial detonator and the short duration shocks areimparted using laser-driven
plates. It has been shown that the order of sensitivity of charges to
shock regimes varies. In particular,
materials have been shown to be relativelyinsensitive to long duration low pressure shocks and sensitive to short duration high pressure shocks. Thematerials that have been studied include HNS,
When a shock-wave is incident on an energeticcharge, a number of parameters must be consideredwhen determining whether detonation is likely to
The nature of both the charge and the shock-waveareimportant.
simplistic way a shock can bedescribed by its pressure and duration (ignoringshock
at this stage). For a shock to causeinitiationitmustbecapableofcreating
chemical reaction to sustain it. Acting against thischemical reaction, to weaken the shock, are
due to theexpansionof thematerialwhich,
due to the
The relationship between the required pressure andduration
shock levelmust be high enough to cause
initial shock decays.
this criterionis metthenadetonation will propagate
charge.The magnitude and duration of a shock required
a particular charge to be initiated are dependenton the microstructure and chemistry of the charge.
that are created in the charge andthechemistry is important in determining theresponse of the material to the presence of the hot-spots.
large number of researchers have attempted toelucidate the role of hot-spots in the shock initiation
very completeaccountof the
of theliteratureonthis subject.The present study has focussed on varying thedensity and grain size of the charges and the natureof the imparted shock in an attempt to alter the hot-spot parameters and so determine the critical
associated with them.
Both the pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) andcyclotrimethylene trinitramine (RDX) were supplied
NobelEnterprises, Ardeer, U.K. The
powdershave a primary particle size of
pmand areproduced by a proprietary process. The