402 Chapter Fourteen
Remember that document preparation has a cost that must be reasonableand a schedule that must be met. No project has an inﬁnite amount of timeor resources that can be allocated to the design effort. The result is thatdocuments should be adequate but not overdone, should be prepared in anorganized fashion and arranged to fully reﬂect the owner’s desires and thedesigner’s intent.
14.2 The Nature of Contracts
In the United States, the law allows two or more individuals, companies,or institutions to contract with each other for an exchange of goods or services. In HVAC work a building owner, called the
, will typicallyarrange with a vendor or installer, called the
to furnish and in-stall equipment and related material in a system. Often the HVAC work is performed in conjunction with the full complement of building construc-tion. The agreement between the owner and contractor contains the basisof elements of any legal contract—i.e., there is a
or service of valuecommitted to deliver; there is
for the work performed; and there is a
period of performance. All three elements are required toestablish a valid contract.Most construction is undertaken by contract; the speciﬁcations and drawings deﬁne the work to be done, and the contract includes a descrip-tion of the compensation and date of completion. There are often penaltiesfor failure to perform the work in a timely manner and sometimes bonusesfor early completion.Persons signing the contract must be authorized to do so. This is self-evident in the case of a private individual, a proprietorship, or a partner-ship. In the case of a corporation, the board of directors must have givenauthority to the signer for his or her signature to be valid and binding onthe company. Signatures are often witnessed or notarized.
As we have noted, contract drawings are legal documents and should avoid ambiguity. This consideration leads to several criteria that are typical of good drawings. The efforts take time. The alternative—providing inad-equate or erroneous information, neglecting details, careless checking— can take a great deal of time later on, cost money for extras, and lose theconﬁdence of the client in the designer’s competence.
14.3.1 Drawing Size and Scale
Drawing size and scale should be appropriate for the work being de-scribed. Typical drawing sheet sizes are described by both letter and sheetdimension: