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U.S. Population Growth and Family Planning: A Review of the Literature

U.S. Population Growth and Family Planning: A Review of the Literature

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Published by: TruthSayer73 on Feb 08, 2012
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03/03/2013

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U.S. Population Growth and Family Planning: A Review of the LiteratureAuthor(s): Robin Elliott, Lynn C. Landman, Richard Lincoln, Theodore TsuorokaReviewed work(s):Source:
Family Planning Perspectives,
Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct., 1970), pp. i-xviPublished by:
Stable URL:
Accessed: 08/02/2012 15:03
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U.S.PopulationGrowth ndFamilyPlanning:AReviewof theLiterature
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U.S. PopulationGrowth nd Family lanning:AReviewof the Literature
ByRobin lliott,ynn .Landman, ichardincoln ndTheodore suorokaU.S.population rowthasrecentlymergedsaprominentnationaloncern. et20 orven10yearsgo,whenrowthateswerehigher hanheyretoday, nterestnthe ssuewasnegli-gible.During he1930s, nfact,reoccupation as ratherithapotential eclinen theU.S. population.What,llen,xplainsthe one f heurrentebate?Theinterestaybe tracedo twogeneralreas ofconcern:population ressuresorldwide,ndurban ndenvironmentaldeteriorationthome.
WorldopulationndResources
RecentU.N.estimates f thesize ofthe worldpopulationntheyear000 range rom .5to 7.0billion ersons,ptotwiceits present ize.'Present atesdd toourpopulation ome70millionersons achyear, ranotherew YorkCity veryixweeks.mplied ntheseprojectionss thatpopulation rowthcontinuingt present ateswillconflict, erhapsritically, iththeossibilitiesormodernizationmonghedeveloping ations,andwillnthe ongunhreatenhecology f hentire orld.Accordingodemographerathan eyfitz:Ifcurrentatesfpopulationncreaseo notbate,worldpopulationn 2050 couldapproach8 billioneoplewelloverhalfhenumber he world aneverhopetosustain, ven t alevelofchronicear-starvationorll.2Thesegrim tatisticsavebeenapplied o theAmericancene na numberfways.tis suggested,orxample, hat heUnitedStateshould utts ownpopulationouse' n order f t s tomaintain nternationaloodwillsitlends activesupportopopulation ontroln thedeveloping ountries..S. growthmaybemodestn relation orates n mosteveloping ountries(lessthan nepercentnnually,ompared ith world verageofmorehan wopercent), utnonetheless .S.populationmaydoublen70 yearsven spolicies f ontrolrebeing ponsoredabroad.hus,cologist aulEhrlichrites:Forus tosucceed npersuadingthereople odecreasetheirirth ateswe muste able toadvocate do as wearedoing," otdo as wesay."3AnotherrgumentelatesU.S.populationrowtho dwin-dlingworldesources,articularlyonon-replaceableineralsandfuels.Thiscountry, ithome sixpercent f theworld'spopulationn1966,onsumed4percent ftheworld'snergyproduction,9percent fllsteelroduction,nd17percentfalltheimberut.4uchfiguresead tothereasoninghat achAmericanirthontributesarmore othedrainnworld e-serveshanoes, ay, nIndianbirthbymorehan5times,suggestsiologistWayneDavis.5 Theproblemecomesmoreapparent s theUnitedtatesbecomesncreasinglyependentfortsontinuedndustrialrowthponheresourcesfthede-velopingworld.incethe1930s,heU.S.has shifted romheposition fanetxporterfminerals othatf a netmporter,witheaviest eliancen outsideources oruchbasicresourcesascrudeil,ronre,opper,eadandzinc.6Meanwhile,omegeologistslaim,erioushortagesmong ertainminerals redeveloping. oquotetheCommitteenResources nd ManoftheNationalcademy fciences:Truehortagesxist rthreatenormanyubstanceshatareconsideredssentialorcurrentndustrialociety:mercury,in,ungstenndhelium,orxample.Knownandnow-prospectiveeservesf heseubstances illbenearlyxhaustedythendof hisenturyrarlynthenext.
.7
Somecientistslaim hatAmericanemandn foreignourcesofsupplywilldepleteesourceshichmighttherwiseeleftavailable orndustrialevelopmentndmodernizationn thosecountriestafutureate,8nd thatntheongerunthe de-velopednationshemselvesayfind heirnternalndexternalsources fupplyryingp. nthisense, hemoveocurbU.S.aggregateemandorrimaryroductshroughopulationon-trolmaybeseen asthefirstine ofdefensegainstnticipatedresourcehortages,helleviationfwhichmighttherwiseavetobesoughthroughestrictionsn risingtandards fiving.NutritionisteanMayerwrites:Theearth'streams,oods andanimalsanaccommo-datehemselvesettero arising ooropulationhan oarisingichopulation.ndeed,osavetheecologyhepopulation illhave odecrease s thedisposablencomeincreases.9BenWattenbergakesssue withthispositionn a recentarticle.What,easks, s Dr.Mayer'srescription?Is heagainstffluenteoplehavingabiesbutnotpoorpeople,venhoughheffluentaverelativelyewny-
RobinElliott sCoordinatorfPopulationActivitiesnd TheodoreTsuo-roka sProgramlanningAnalystfPlannedParenthood-Worldopula-tion.RichardincolnsEditor ndLynnC.LandmansAssociate ditorfFamilyPlanningPerspectives.Thereport wasprepared inbehalfofPlannedParenthood'sopulationEducationStaffCommittee s abasisforiscussionfandaction nthe U.S.populationroblem ythePlannedParenthoodationalrganization.
ii

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