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Amnesty Briefing Paper on Jahalin Bedouin forced relocation

Amnesty Briefing Paper on Jahalin Bedouin forced relocation

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Amnesty briefing paper as to the planned forced relocation of Bedouin Jahalin from Jerusalem Periphery
Amnesty briefing paper as to the planned forced relocation of Bedouin Jahalin from Jerusalem Periphery

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Published by: Angela Godfrey-Goldstein on Feb 08, 2012
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12/27/2013

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STOP THETRANSFER
ISRAEL ABOUT TO EXPELBEDOUIN TO EXPANDSETTLEMENTS
 
The Israeli army has already issuedmany demolition orders against thesecommunities. In some of them, more than90 per cent of homes and other structuresare at risk of demolition.Two schools, in Khan al-Ahmar and in WadiAbu Hindi, which serve around 200 Jahalinchildren, are slated for demolition. Childrenmake up about two thirds of the residentstargeted for displacement. If the schools aredemolished, the younger ones will have noaccess to education.
BACKGROUND
In the early 1950s, the Jahalin tribe wasdisplaced from the Tel Arad area in theNegev to the West Bank by the Israeliauthorities. Following Israel’s occupation of the West Bank in 1967, the Israeli militaryrestricted access to vast expanses of theJahalin grazing land, declaring themmilitary zones or confiscating land forbuilding settlements. Other areas weredesignated as nature reserves and theBedouin were prohibited from using them.As a result, the Jahalin’s seasonalmovement and traditional way of lifebecame impossible, and they were forcedto settle in permanent small encampmentsin the area east of Jerusalem.Abu Raed lives in al-Mihtwish, one of thecommunities due to be transferred inthe current plan. “I grew up duringJordanian rule, when the Bedouin wereallowed to move between the West Bankand Jordan”, he says. “Wherever therewere grazing lands, we moved. In 1975Israel started creating military zones.And they started moving us away fromthese areas towards the roads. After1977, the first Jewish settlements wereestablished in the area. The settlementsgrew, and they began to be surroundedby fences and then came the settlementsecurity. Then they began to prohibitus from more areas and we no longerhad access to grazing lands or watersources like Ein Fara, Ein Fawar or EinWadi al-Qelt.”Because they lack access to grazing lands,many of the Bedouin have abandonedtheir traditional way of life and currentlydepend on humanitarian assistance.More than half of the communities arefood insecure; none of the communitieshave access to the electricity grid and onlyhalf are connected to water networks.
The Israei army pans to forciby evict and transfer 20Paestinian communities, some 2,300 peope, from their homesin the area of the Ma’ae Adumim settement boc in the occupiedWest Bank. The pan aims to reocate the communities, a majorityof which are Jahain Bedouin, to a site about 300m away from theJerusaem municipa garbage dump.Israei authorities have not consuted with the communitiesand the residents oppose the move. Miitary officias have saidthat the army wi begin impementing the pan in eary 2012.If carried out, this forced transfer woud vioate Israe’sobigations under internationa aw and uproot some of thepoorest communities in the West Bank.
Amnesty Internationa February 2012
Index: MDE 15/001/2012
“We wi not eave – theywant to expe us, but wewi not eave.”
Amneh Odeh Jahalin, whose house in al-Mihtwish wasdemolished by Israeli forces on 31 October 2011
 
Index: MDE 15/001/2012
Amnesty Internationa February 2012
For many the access to health services isvery limited. “We go to the hospital ondonkeys”, says Abu Mohammed, who livesin al-Muntar.The Bedouin communities are all locatedin areas designated as “Area C” under theOslo Accords between Israel and thePalestinian Liberation Organization (PLO).In these areas, which make up morethan 60 per cent of the occupied WestBank, the Israeli army retains completecontrol over security, and the Israel CivilAdministration, a military body, controlsplanning and zoning.The Israeli authorities have not allowedPalestinians to build and develop theirland in Area C. According to the UN Officefor the Coordination of HumanitarianAffairs (OCHA), 70 per cent of Area C iscompletely off-limits to Palestinianconstruction and a further 29 per cent isheavily restricted. Less than 1 per cent of Area C has been planned for Palestiniandevelopment by Israel’s Civil Administration.Meanwhile, the Israeli authorities havecontinued to build and expand Israeli-onlysettlements on Palestinian land in thesesame areas, in violation of international lawand in contempt of resolutions by the UNSecurity Council and other bodies. Sinceits occupation of the West Bank, Israel hasestablished more than 150 settlements inthe West Bank (including East Jerusalem).The establishment of these settlementsviolates the Fourth Geneva Conventionrelative to the Protection of CivilianPersons in Time of War, which prohibits anoccupying power from settling its civilianpopulation in the territory it occupies.Settlers in the nearby settlementsconsistently harass the Bedouincommunities and attack their propertywith virtual impunity. “In September 2009I went to the Kfar Adumim settlementcouncil and invited them to come and seethe school.” Eid Jahalin, from Khan al-Ahmar, told Amnesty International. “Theycame and drank tea and coffee and left.Three days later we received a letter fromthe Israeli court saying that the school is asecurity threat. The settlers then came anddestroyed the fence around the school andsome of its doors and windows. They haveattacked it several times since.”
above 
: Jahalin family outside their tent daysafter their homes were demolished by theIsraeli army, al-Mihtwish, 3 November 2011.
cover 
: Jahalin homes in al-Muntar in theoccupied West Bank, 12 November 2011.The community is at imminent risk of forcedeviction by the Israeli army.
 © mn e  s  t   y I  n t   e n a  t  i   o n a l  

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