The Israeli army has already issuedmany demolition orders against thesecommunities. In some of them, more than90 per cent of homes and other structuresare at risk of demolition.Two schools, in Khan al-Ahmar and in WadiAbu Hindi, which serve around 200 Jahalinchildren, are slated for demolition. Childrenmake up about two thirds of the residentstargeted for displacement. If the schools aredemolished, the younger ones will have noaccess to education.
In the early 1950s, the Jahalin tribe wasdisplaced from the Tel Arad area in theNegev to the West Bank by the Israeliauthorities. Following Israel’s occupation of the West Bank in 1967, the Israeli militaryrestricted access to vast expanses of theJahalin grazing land, declaring themmilitary zones or confiscating land forbuilding settlements. Other areas weredesignated as nature reserves and theBedouin were prohibited from using them.As a result, the Jahalin’s seasonalmovement and traditional way of lifebecame impossible, and they were forcedto settle in permanent small encampmentsin the area east of Jerusalem.Abu Raed lives in al-Mihtwish, one of thecommunities due to be transferred inthe current plan. “I grew up duringJordanian rule, when the Bedouin wereallowed to move between the West Bankand Jordan”, he says. “Wherever therewere grazing lands, we moved. In 1975Israel started creating military zones.And they started moving us away fromthese areas towards the roads. After1977, the first Jewish settlements wereestablished in the area. The settlementsgrew, and they began to be surroundedby fences and then came the settlementsecurity. Then they began to prohibitus from more areas and we no longerhad access to grazing lands or watersources like Ein Fara, Ein Fawar or EinWadi al-Qelt.”Because they lack access to grazing lands,many of the Bedouin have abandonedtheir traditional way of life and currentlydepend on humanitarian assistance.More than half of the communities arefood insecure; none of the communitieshave access to the electricity grid and onlyhalf are connected to water networks.
The Israei army pans to forciby evict and transfer 20Paestinian communities, some 2,300 peope, from their homesin the area of the Ma’ae Adumim settement boc in the occupiedWest Bank. The pan aims to reocate the communities, a majorityof which are Jahain Bedouin, to a site about 300m away from theJerusaem municipa garbage dump.Israei authorities have not consuted with the communitiesand the residents oppose the move. Miitary officias have saidthat the army wi begin impementing the pan in eary 2012.If carried out, this forced transfer woud vioate Israe’sobigations under internationa aw and uproot some of thepoorest communities in the West Bank.
Amnesty Internationa February 2012
Index: MDE 15/001/2012
“We wi not eave – theywant to expe us, but wewi not eave.”
Amneh Odeh Jahalin, whose house in al-Mihtwish wasdemolished by Israeli forces on 31 October 2011