:following publication:FM 90-10-1
The increased population and accelerated growth of cities have made the problems of combat in built-up areas an urgency for the U.S. Army. This type of combat cannot beavoided. The distribution of smaller, built-up areas within the urban complex makeisolation by encirclement increasingly difficult. Military operations on urbanized terrain(MOUT) can now be defined as the future battlefield in Europe and Asia with brigadeand higher-level commanders focusing on these operations. At the tactical level, the battalion commander and his subordinates must focus on the actual combat in built-upareas. This subcourse provides the infantry battalion commander and his subordinates asource for tactics, techniques, and procedures for fighting in built-up areas.
PART A - INTRODUCTION TO COMBAT IN BUILT-UP AREAS
1. Background.Friendly and enemy doctrine reflect the fact that more attention must be given to urbancombat. Expanding urban development affects military operations as the terrain isaltered. Although the current doctrine still applies, the increasing focus on low intensityconflict (LIC), urban terrorism, and civil disorder emphasizes combat in built-up areas isunavoidable.a. AirLand Battle. AirLand Battle doctrine describes the Army's approach togenerating and applying combat power at the operational and tactical levels. It is based on securing or retaining the initiative and exercising it aggressively toaccomplish the mission. The four basic AirLand Battle tenets of initiative, agility,depth, and synchronization are constant. During combat in built-up areas, the principles of AirLand Battle doctrine still apply -- only the terrain over whichcombat operations will be conducted has changed. b. Cities. Cities are the centers of finance, politics, transportation, communication,industry, and culture. Therefore, they have often been scenes of important battles(Figure 1-1).(1) Operations in built-up areas are conducted to capitalize on the strategicand tactical advantages of cities and to deny those advantages to theenemy. Often, the side which controls a city has a psychological advantagewhich is usually enough to determine the outcome of larger conflicts.(2) Even in insurgencies, combat occurs in cities. In developing nations,control of only a few cities is often the key to control of national resources.