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Solutions for Education Development

Solutions for Education Development

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Published by: edselsawyer on Feb 09, 2012
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Updated: 02/10/06Solutions for Education DevelopmentIn order to attain above-mentioned goals, it is necessary to focus on the implementation of thefollowing 7 groups of solutions:1.
 
To renovate objectives, contents, curricula of education.2.
 
To develop teaching staff, to renovate education methods;3.
 
To renovate education management;4.
 
To continue the improvement of the national education system and to develop the schoolnetwork;5.
 
To increase the financial resources and infrastructure of education;6.
 
To strengthen social participation in education;7.
 
To strengthen international co-operation. Among the above-mentioned solutions,curricula renovation and development of teaching staff are the most important andeducation management renovation is the break-through solution.
5.1. To renovate objectives, contents, curricula of education:
O
 bjectives, contents, curriculaof education are renovated toward standardization, modernization, with closer access to theadvanced countries in the region and around the world; at the same time, should be relevant withthe manpower demands of socio-economic sectors of the country, of the regions and localities; tofollow the principle: learning is linked with doing, education is integrated with productivelabour; theory is linked with practice, education in schools is coordinated with education infamily and society. Attention is paid to physical education and to building up a learner¶scharacter. To modernize teaching-learning equipment, laboratories, practical base. To applyinformation technology as soon as possible in education in order to change education methodsand management.
a) General Education
 To enhance all-round education quality; to carry out the reduction of learning load, to designrational programme structure, ensuring basic standardized general knowledge, at the same timecreating conditions to develop each student¶s ability, to increase thinking ability, practical skills,to consider the importance of social and humanity knowledge, to enrich the contents with theachievements of modern science and technology in accordance with the absorbing ability of students and accessing the general education level of developed countries in the region; to showfull concern for virtue, morals, civil awareness, physical and aesthetic education for students.To create conditions for ethnic minority students to learn and master the country¶s officiallanguage at the same time to organize the learning of their own ethnic language.To give importance for providing and enhancing the knowledge of informatics and foreignlanguages of students. To teach foreign languages in the wide scale. From grade 6, the studentcan learn at least one foreign language continuously so that they will be able to use it whenfinishing upper secondary education. To make basic informatics knowledge universalized in
 
schools, special importance is given to the ability of accessing and using the informationnetwork.To carry out the new curricula and textbooks in the first grades of primary and lower secondaryeducation from school year 2002-2003 and the first grade of upper secondary education fromschool year 2004-2005. In school year 2006-2007 to complete the realization of the newcurricula and textbooks in general education.
b
 ) Professional Education
 To build up and to promulgate the nomenclature of training occupations; to innovate and to makecontents, curricula standardized and flexible, to enhance the practical skills, the ability of self-employment, the ability to adapt to the quick changes in technology and production, business, tolink closely with the employment in the society, to transfer to other levels of education.To combine the provision of basic knowledge and skills at schools with the training at production and business places. To encourage the experts working in production and business to participate in curricula designing, teaching and training evaluation.To design curricula of vocational training at high level in the direction of closer access to theadvanced level in the region and the world, with priority given to the fields of informatics, biology, new materials, machinery, autoimmunization and some other fields serving agricultureand rural development.
c) Junior College, University and Postgraduate Education
 To carry out strong innovations of the higher education curricula in the direction of diversification, standardization, modernization, to create conditions for quick, selectiveadaptation of curricula of developed countries in the fields of science, technology, etc. closelysatisfying country¶s requirements and practically serving the socio-economic development ocountry in general and different sectors and localities in particular. National universities, key universities, department training programmes in the spearhead fieldsof science-technology should act as the avant-garde in the renovation of objectives, contents,methods, and curricula of education.To design the bridging, multiphase programmes and to apply flexible training processes to createmore opportunities for higher education for everyone, especially for people in rural,mountainous, isolated and remote areas.To promulgate the curriculum framework for undergraduate level in school year 2001-2002 andfor master degree level in school year 2002-2003.To renovate examination systems, enrollment procedures to build up the methodology, procedures and systems for evaluating the quality of training, teaching staff, studentachievements in an objective and exact manner; regard this as a basic measure to overcome the
 
examination-oriented characteristic of current education, making the education process healthy,not only in higher education but in all levels of education. To show special concern to theinnovation of training methods in teacher training institutions, firstly in the two key pedagogicuniversities in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City and to create favourable conditions for innovation of training and learning methods in general education schools.Striving to ensure that every school has a good library with continuously updated learningmaterials, references for students and lecturers. To modernize teaching, learning equipment,laboratories, and practical base. Whenever required, higher education institutions are allowed toorganize training programmes that use foreign languages as the medium of instruction in somesubjects. To ensure that after graduation students can use computers for collecting and processing information and can use one foreign language for work and communication, thusincreasing the ability of international integration.
5.2. To develop teaching staff, to innovate education methods
 To ensure that teaching staff is sufficient in quality, rational in structure and standardized inqualification, meeting the demands of the increase of student enrollment, at the same timeenhancement of education quality and effectiveness.To innovate and modernize the education methods. To change from passive knowledgetransmission in which teachers lecture and learners are taking notes, to advising learners on theways of active thinking and receiving knowledge, to teach students the methods of self-learning,systematic collection of information and of analytic and synthetic thinking; to develop ability of every individual; to increase the active, independent attitude of students in learning process andself-management activities in schools and social work.To innovate programmes of teacher training and upgrading; to give importance to the training,consolidating and increasing the virtues and morals of teachers.
a) Pre-school education teachers
 To intensify the training of pre-school education teachers to meet the demands of public andnon-public pre-school education institutions, to move towards the standardization of pre-schooleducation teaching staff. To build up the policies for pre-school teachers, especially teachersworking in rural, mountainous, isolated and remote areas.
b
 ) General education teachers
 To readjust the structure of general education teaching staff, increasing the number of teachersfor music, painting, sport-gymnastic, housework, career orientation and vocational teachers inorder to diversify learning and activities of students in the context when students will spend fullday at school. To increase the percentage of primary education teachers-graduates from junior colleges. To strive to ensure that all teachers of lower secondary education will have thequalification at least of junior college level, among them the heads of subject groups have theuniversity level by 2005. To increase the percentage of upper secondary education teachers with

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