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Response to Ionic Environments

Response to Ionic Environments

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Published by: Savannah Simone Petrachenko on Feb 09, 2012
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02/09/2012

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Response to Ionic Environments
Readings
y
 
Pag
es 1093-1110
Io
nic and Osm
ot
ic Balance
1.
 
B
a
ck
g
round: osmosis
a
nd ionic re
g
ul
a
tion2.
 
Osmoconformers3.
 
Osmore
g
ul
a
tors
o
 
F
reshw
a
ter
o
 
M
a
rine
o
 
T
errestri
a
l
D
iffusi
o
n
y
 
R
a
ndom movement of molecules or other p
a
rticles (see
ab
ove)
y
 
Resultin
g
in even distri
b
ution of the p
a
rticles
y
 
W
hen no
ba
rriers
a
re present
I
ssues
o
Io
n
o-
Osm
ot
ic Regula
t
i
o
n
1.
 
M
ovement of w
a
ter2.
 
M
ovement of ions3.
 
Elimin
a
tion of nitro
g
enous w
a
stes4.
 
M
ech
a
nisms used
by
v
a
rious or
ga
nisms
Backgr
o
und
y
 
Osmosis
: diffusion of w
a
ter
a
cross
a
semi-perme
ab
le mem
b
r
a
ne
a
nd occurs from
a
n
a
re
a
when there is low solute concentr
a
tion to
a
n
a
re
a
where there is
a
hi
g
her solute concentr
a
tion
 
 
y
 
Excretor
y
or
ga
ns control osmol
a
rit
y
 
a
nd volume of extr
a
cellul
a
rfluids:
o
 
B
y
excretion of solutes th
a
t
a
re in excess ± N
aC
l
o
 
B
y
conservin
g
solutes th
a
t
a
re v
a
lu
ab
le or in short suppl
y
±
g
lucose
y
 
A
nim
a
ls in different environments h
a
ve different excretor
y
 functions:
 
o
 
T
errestri
a
l
a
nim
a
ls must conserve s
a
lts
a
nd w
a
ter
o
 
F
reshw
a
ter
a
nim
a
ls h
a
ve to conserve s
a
lts
b
ut excrete excessw
a
ter
o
 
M
a
rine fish h
a
ve to excrete s
a
lts
b
ut conserve w
a
ter
S
al
t
C
o
mp
o
si
t
i
o
n: Envir
o
nmen
t
and Tissue
Saltwater
1070 mosm/L
Fre
sh
water
<10 mosm/L
Vertebrate T
issu
e
s
 
300 mosm/L
Mar
in
e I
nv
ert T
issu
e
Like environment
FW I
nv
ert
200-300 mosm/LOsmoconformers
y
 
M
a
rine inverte
b
r
a
tes
a
re osmoconformers
o
 
B
od
y
fluids
a
re the s
a
me osmotic stren
g
th
a
s theenvironment
a
nd there is no tendenc
y
for w
a
ter to le
a
ve orenter the
b
od
y
 
y
 
H
i
g
h
a
mount of cellul
a
r osmotic toler
a
nce
y
 
S
h
a
rks
a
re
a
unique c
a
se
a
s the
y
 
a
re isotonic to se
a
w
a
ter
b
ut h
a
velow N
a
 

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