Punjab, a region in north India, has a long history and rich culture heritage. Theregion has been invaded and ruled by many different empires and races,including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Afghans, Mongolians. Around the time of the 15
Century, Guru Nanak Dev Ji Founded the Sikh Religion, which quicklycame to prominence in the region, and shortly afterwards, Maharaja Ranjit Singhreform the Punjab into a Secular and Powerfull State.The 19
Century saw the beginning of British Rule, which led to the emergenceof several heroic Punjabi freedom fighters.In 1947, at the end of British Rule the Punjab was split between Pakistan andIndia. Punjab is the Cradle of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 yearsOld. Archeological excavations, throughout the state, have reveled evidence of the magnificent cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, that lived and died along thebanks of the mighty Indus and its tributaries. The Mahabharata, which narratesthe life between the 7
Centaury B.C, contains rich descriptions of theland and people of Punjab at the time.The location of Punjab was on the outskirts of the great Persians empires. It wasoften attacked by the Persian rulers. The Persian King Darius the Great was ableto occupied some part of Punjab. But he was Persian king Gustasp whocompleted the occupation of Punjab in 516 B.C Soon, Punjab become thewealthiest of all the Satrapies i.e Provinces of the Persian Kingdom.