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Vladislav Kotov, Detlev Reiter and Andrey S. Kukushkin- Numerical study of the ITER divertor plasma with the B2-EIRENE code package

Vladislav Kotov, Detlev Reiter and Andrey S. Kukushkin- Numerical study of the ITER divertor plasma with the B2-EIRENE code package

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07/18/2013

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Numerical study of the ITER divertorplasma with the B2-EIRENE codepackage
 Vladislav Kotov 
a
, Detlev Reiter 
a
, Andrey S. Kukushkin
b
a
Institut f ¨ur Energieforschung 4 - Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum J¨ulich GmbH, 52425, J¨ulich, Germany 
b
ITER International Team, Cadarache, France
Bericht des Forschungszentrums J¨ulich J¨ul-4257, November, 2007
 
2
 
 Abstract
 The problem of plasma-wall interaction and impurity control is one of the remaining criti-cal issues for development of an industrial energy source based on nuclear fusion of light isotopes. In this field sophisticated integrated numerical tools are widely used both for the analysis of current experiments and for predictions guiding future device design. Thepresent work is dedicated to the numerical modelling of the edge plasma region in divertor configurations of large-scale tokamak fusion devices. A well established software tool for this kind of modelling is the B2-EIRENE code. It was originally developed for a relatively hot (
10 eV) “high recycling divertor”. It did not take into account a number of physicaleffects which can be potentially important for “detached conditions” (cold, - several eV,- high density, -
10
21
m
3
, - plasma) typical for large tokamak devices. This is espe-cially critical for the modelling of the divertor plasma of ITER: an international project of an experimental tokamak fusion reactor to be built in Cadarache, France by 2016. Thispresent work is devoted to a major upgrade of the B2-EIRENE package, which is routinely used for ITER modelling, essentially with a significantly revised version of EIRENE: theMonte-Carlo neutral transport code. The main part of the thesis address three major groups of the new physical effects which have been added to the model in frame of this work: the neutral-neutral collisions,the up-to date hydrogen molecular reaction kinetics and the line radiation transport. Theimpact of the each stage of the upgrade on the self-consistent (between plasma, the neutralgas and the radiation field) solution for the reference ITER case is analysed. The strongest effect is found to be due to the revised molecular collision kinetics, in particular due tohitherto neglected elastic collisions of hydrogen molecules with ions. The newly addednon-linear effects (neutral-neutral collisions, radiation opacity) are found to be quite sig-nificant for ITER conditions (large size and density) as well, despite the fact that their experimental identification in the presently available smaller devices (including JET) is very difficult. An experimental validation of this particular package which is used for the ITER designhas been carried out for a series of discharges at the Joint European Torus (JET) tokamak (UK, Culham). A relatively good (within a factor 2) agreement for the outer divertor has been found. At the same time, a significant discrepancy between the modelling and theexperiment is seen in the inner divertor. As in the case of ITER the model for molecular kinetics has a significant impact on the solution. The new version of the coupled code (SOLPS4.2) has been made available to the ITER International Team and is now extensively used there. It has already provided significant revisions of currently predicted divertor operational scenarios.3

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