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Hydro Power

Hydro Power

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Published by Daisy

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Published by: Daisy on Nov 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/07/2011

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HOW HYDROPOWER WORKS
The hydrologic cycle
–water constantly moves through avast global cycle, in which it evaporates from lakes andoceans, forms clouds, precipitates as rain or snow, thenflows back to the ocean. The energy of this water cycle,which is driven by the sun, is tapped most efficiently withhydropower.
Types of Hydropower Facilities
Dam - stores water
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Diversion projects
–channel a portion of the river througha canal or a penstock and may require a dam. Theadjacent project did not require a dam.
Impoundment hydropower
–uses adam to store water. Water may bereleased either to meet changingelectricity needs or to maintain aconstant reservoir level.
Pumped storage
–pumps water from alower reservoir to an upper reservoir attimes when demand for electricity islow. During periods of high electricaldemand, the water is released back tothe lower reservoir to generateelectricity.
PD01-0257-04

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