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Table Of Contents

1 THE NATURE OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS
1.1 WHAT ARE COMPOSITES?
1.2 CONVENTIONAL MATERIALS AND THEIR LIMITATIONS
1.3 STRONG FIBRES
1.3.1 Glass fibres
1.3.2 Carbon fibres
1.3.4 Alumina and alumina/silica compounds
1.3.5 Organic Fibres
1.3.6 Styles of reinforcement
1.4 THE SCOPE FOR REINFORCEMENT OF CONVENTIONAL MATERIALS
1.4.1 Functions of the matrix
1.4.2 Metals
1.4.3 Polymeric materials
1.4.5 Carbon
1.5 REFERENCES TO CHAPTER 1
1.5.2 Sources of data
2 MAKING COMPOSITE MATERIALS
2.1 THE COMBINING OF MATERIALS
2.2 THE INTERFACE
2.3 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
2.3.1 Polymer-matrix composites
2.3.2 Metal-matrix composites
2.3.3 Ceramic-matrix composites
2.3.4 Hybrid composites
2.4 DEFECTS IN MANUFACTURED POLYMERIC COMPOSITES
2.5 METHODS OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION FOR POLYMER COMPOSITES
2.5.1 Optical inspection
2.5.2 Radiographic methods
2.5.3 Thermal imaging
2.5.4 Ultrasonic techniques
2.5.5 Optical fibre sensors
2.5.6 Microwave methods
2.5.7 Dynamic mechanical analysis
2.5.8 Acoustic emission methods
2.6 THE USE OF COMPOSITES
2.7 REFERENCES TO CHAPTER 2
3 ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF FIBRE COMPOSITES
3.1 SIMPLE MICROMECHANICAL MODELS
3.2 THE HALPIN-TSAI EQUATIONS
3.3 THE COMPRESSION MODULUS
3.4 THE ANISOTROPIC PROPERTIES OF A THIN LAMINA
3.5 ORIENTATION-DEPENDENCE OF THE ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF A UNIDIRECTIONAL LAMINA
3.6 MULTI-PLY LAMINATES
3.7 SHORT-FIBRE COMPOSITES
3.8 HYBRID COMPOSITES
3.10 TEXTILE COMPOSITES
3.12 REFERENCES TO CHAPTER 3
4 THE STRENGTH OF FIBRE COMPOSITES
4.1 TENSILE STRENGTH
4.1.1 Unidirectional continuous-fibre composites
4.1.2 The problem of the strength of brittle fibres
4.1.3 Progressive damage and failure in unidirectional composites
4.1.4 Calculation of the tensile strength of a unidirectional composite
4.1.5 Transverse strength
4.1.6 Orientation-dependence of composite strength
4.1.7 The strengths of multi-ply laminates
4.1.8 Short-fibre composites
4.1.9 Hybrid composites
4.2 COMPRESSION STRENGTH
4.2.1 Compression strength after impact
4.3 SHEAR STRENGTH
4.3.1 The shear strength of the interfacial bond
4.4 FLEXURAL STRENGTH
4.5 FAILURE CRITERIA FOR COMPLEX STRESSES
4.6 THE STRENGTH OF CERAMIC-MATRIX COMPOSITES
4.7 REFERENCES TO CHAPTER 4
5 FRACTURE AND TOUGHNESS OF COMPOSITES
5.1 STRUCTURAL ASPECTS OF COMPOSITES FAILURE
5.1.1 Fracture formalisms
5.2 FRACTURE PROCESSES IN COMPOSITES
5.2.1 Matrix effects
5.2.2 Fibre effects
5.2.3 Simple fibre/matrix addition effects
5.3 TOUGHNESS DERIVING FROM COMPOSITE ACTION
5.3.1 Toughening mechanisms in fibre-reinforced plastics
5.3.2 Toughness of hybrid composites
5.3.3 Toughness of laminated structures
5.4 TOUGHNESS OF PRACTICAL REINFORCED PLASTIC LAMINATES
5.4.1 Short-fibre composites
5.4.2 Design of damage-tolerant composites
5.5 TOUGHNESS OF CERAMIC-MATRIX COMPOSITES
5.5.1 Matrix cracking
5.5.2 Fibre bridging
5.5.3 Fibre pull-out
5.6 APPLICATION OF FRACTURE MECHANICS TO COMPOSITES
5.6.1 Strength of notched composites and notch sensitivity
5.6.2 The application of fracture mechanics
5.6.3 Application to specific composites
5.7 CONCLUSION
5.8 REFERENCES TO CHAPTER 5
6.3.1 Stress/life curves
6.3.2 Constant-life diagrams
6.3.3 Statistical aspects of the analysis of fatigue data
6.3.4 Cumulative damage laws
6.5 FATIGUE OF REINFORCED PLASTICS
6.4.1 Constant-stress fatigue curves
6.4.2 Materials factors affecting fatigue behaviour of reinforced plastics
6.4.3 Other factors affecting the fatigue of reinforced plastics
6.4.4 Damage accumulation and residual strength
6.4.5 Fatigue under conditions of variable stress: block loading
6.5 FATIGUE OF METAL-MATRIX COMPOSITES
6.6 FATIGUE OF CERAMIC-MATRIX COMPOSITES
6.7 CONCLUSION
6.8 REFERENCES TO CHAPTER 6
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Engineering Composites

Engineering Composites

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Published by Ersen Balcıoğlu

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Published by: Ersen Balcıoğlu on Feb 10, 2012
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05/16/2013

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