This exemption is subject to the public interest test at section 2(2)(b) and thereforewe are required to consider whether the public interest in maintaining the exemptionoutweighs the public interest in disclosing the information. When considering thecompeting public interest for and against disclosure, we have acknowledged thatdisclosure would enable transparency of the decision making process in relation tothe extradition matter, we have also taken into account that it would increase publicunderstanding the decision making process and allow the public to assess the CPS’decision making.However the CPS considers the reasons for disclosing do not outweigh the publicinterest in maintaining the exemption. It is important to note that the right of accessshould not undermine the investigation and prosecution process of criminal matters,this principle was recognised by the Information Tribunal, in the case of
Mr A Digby-Cameron v the Information Commissioner EA/2008/0023 &0025; 26 January 2009,
inthis instance the case against Julian Assange is yet to be concluded and we consider that disclosure would undermine the extradition process. If communications were tobe released into the public domain, officials within the criminal justice arena wouldfeel inhibited to freely justify and maintain their thought process when makingdecisions. It is vital that officials are able to engage in discussion and debate withother criminal justice Departments with the object of achieving better prosecutiondecisions as possible, lack of candour in the decision making process would haveadverse ramifications on the integrity of the extradition process we have in place.
Section 40(2) FOIA – Personal Information
Turning to s.40(2) FOIA, which exempts personal data relating to third parties beingreleased into the public domain. Information released under the Freedom of Information Act is released into the public domain, not just to the individualrequesting the information and therefore due diligence must be given personal databelonging to living individuals.The material you have requested concerns the extradition of Julian Assange. Muchof the material held is personal data as defined by s.1 of the Data Protection Act1998 (DPA 1998). A proportion of this personal data is sensitive personal data as itconcerns an alleged commission of a criminal offence.Personal data can only be released if to do so would not contravene any of the dataprotection principles contained within the DPA 1998. The first principle states:
Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully and, in particular, shall not be processed unless—(a) at least one of the conditions in Schedule 2 is met, and (b) in the case of sensitive personal data, at least one of the conditions in Schedule 3is also met.
For this request, a condition in both Schedule 2 and 3 must be met before data canbe released to you, however upon review we believe that none of the criteria are metin either schedule and therefore releasing personal data to you would breach theprinciples of the DPA 1998.