Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is theKurukshetra War of Mahabharata
, Modern Sədom Tiberian Səḏôm, Greek Σόδομα Sódoma) and
, Modern ʿAmora Tiberian Ġəmôrāh/ʿĂmôrāh, Greek Γόμοῤῥα Gómorrha) were cities mentioned in the Book of Genesis and later expounded upon throughout the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament and Deuterocanonical sources,as well as the Quran.According to the Torah, the kingdoms of Sodom and Gomorrah were allied with the cities of Admah, Zeboim and Bela.These five cities, also known as the "cities of the plain," were situated on the Jordan river plain in the southern regionof the land of Canaan. The Jordan river plain (which correlates to the modern day Dead Sea) has been compared tothat of the garden of Eden,[Gen.13:10] being a land well-watered and green, suitable for grazing livestock. Divine judgment by Yahweh was then passed upon Sodom and Gomorrah along with two other neighboring cities that werecompletely consumed by fire and brimstone. Neighboring Zoar was the only city to be spared during that day of judgment.[Deut.29:23][Gen.10:19]
In Genesis 18, God sends three men, thought by most commentators to have been angels appearing as men, toAbraham in the plains of Mamre.After the angels received the hospitality of Abraham and Sarah, his wife, God reveals to Abraham that he will destroySodom and Gomorrah, because their cry is great, "and because their sin is very grievous."[Gen 18:20] In response,Abraham reverently inquires of God if he would spare the city if 50 righteous people were found in it, to which Godagrees he would not destroy it for the sake of the righteous yet dwelling therein. Abraham then inquires of God formercy at lower numbers (first 45, then 40, then 30, then 20, and finally at 10), with God agreeing each time.[Gen18:22-33] Two of the angels of God proceed to Sodom and are met by Abraham's nephew Lot, who convinces theangels to lodge with him, and they eat with his family.Genesis 19:4-5 describes what followed, which confirms its end (RSV):But before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both young and old, all the people to the last man,surrounded the house; and they called to Lot, "Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us,that we may know them (KJV: know them, RSV: know them, NIV: can have sex with them, NJB: can have intercoursewith them)."The Sodom and Gomorrah motif from the NurembergChronicle by Hartmann Schedel, 1493. Note Lot'swife, already transformed into a salt pillar, in thecenter.