The European Consensus(2005) laysdown guiding prin-ciplesfor developmentassistance and for the firsttimeincludesenergyasa priorityfor the EU Commission andMember States. A number offunding instrumentswereestablished – the ACP-ECEnergyFacility, the COOPENERProgramme and the Member State-funded PartnershipDialogue Facility(PDF). In addition, the EU-AfricaPartnership on Infrastructure wascreated to facilitateinvestmentsin electricitygeneration, cross-border inter-connections, grid extension and ruraldistribution. The EUalso launched the Johannesburg Renewable EnergyCoalition (JREC) asa high-levelinitiative focusing specif-icallyon renewable energyand complementing the EUEIand other EU-led energypartnerships.
Reinforcing the EU-Africa energydialogue
The increased internationalattention on energyissuesdemanded a renewalofthe energydialogue between EUand Africa and resulted in a jointcallfor a comprehensiveenergypartnership. In line with this, the EU proposed tointegrate Europe'senergyand developmentpoliciesin a"win-win” situation for both continents. Africa standstobenefitfrom EU effortsto diversifyitsenergysupplyandto develop energyefficientand renewable energytech-nologies, which are vitalenergyelementsfor a sustain-able future ofboth Europe and developing countries.These developmentsled to the Africa-EU EnergyPartnership launched atthe Africa-EU Lisbon SummitinDecember 2007, which providesa long-term frameworkfor policydialogue and specificactions.
Complementing other internationalinitiatives
The Africa-EU EnergyPartnership buildson andcomplementsexisting structuresand initiatives:the EU EnergyInitiative for PovertyEradication andSustainable Development, the EU-AfricaPartnership on Infrastructure, the ACP-ECEnergyFacilityand the EU ThematicProgramme for Environmentand Sustainable Managementof NaturalResourcesIncluding Energy. The latter includescontributionsto the GlobalEnergyEfficiencyand Renewable EnergyFund.Within the EnergyPartnership, the EU willidentifysynergieswith or contribute to other internationalinitiatives, such asthe Infrastructure Consortiumfor Africa, the World Bank’sClean Energyfor DevelopmentInvestmentFramework, the GlobalGasFlaring Partnershipsand the ExtractiveIndustriesTransparencyInitiative.