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The Africa - European Union: Energy Partnership, Fiche 2

The Africa - European Union: Energy Partnership, Fiche 2

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Published by: development4all on Nov 19, 2008
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The international policy dialogue
The UN Millennium Projecthas, atthe requestofformer UN Secretary-GeneralKofi Annan, identified practicalstrategiesto meetthe Millennium DevelopmentGoals(MDGs). Itemphasisesthe need for scaled-up invest-mentsin health, education and infrastructure, alongsideeffortsto promote gender equalityand environmentalsustainability. These conclusionsunderline the urgentneed to improve accessto energyservicesto reach theMDGs.Manydonorsare increasing their supportto infrastruc-ture. Decisionsmade at2002 World SummitonSustainable Development(WSSD) in Johannesburg led tonew commitmentsin the energysector. DecisionsattheBonn InternationalConference for Renewable Energiesin2004 and the G8 GleneaglesSummitin 2005 demandedan increase in the use ofclean energyin developing andemerging countries. These internationaldevelopmentsled to intensified EU energydialogueswith internationalpartners, including Africa.
Energy– a crosscutting themein EU developmentpolicies
In July2002, on the eve ofthe Johannesburg WorldSummit, the European Commission adopted a Communi-cation on the EU’s“Energycooperation with the devel-oping countries.” The Communication setsoutacomprehensive policyframeworkfor energycooperationwith developing countriesfocusing on povertyreduction,securityofsupplyand environmentalprotection. TheCommunication highlightsthatrenewable energysolu-tionsoften prove to be cost-effective in meeting ruralelectricityneeds.Recognising the crosscutting nature ofenergyand itsimportantlinkageswith development, the EU launchedthe EU EnergyInitiative for PovertyEradication andSustainable Development(EUEI) atthe 2002 WorldSummit. Thisisa European commitmentto increase theprovision ofadequate, affordable and sustainable energyservicesto the poor. The EUEI servesasa frameworkfor coordination among EU Member Statesand with theEuropean Commission, aswellasfacilitating dialoguewith developmentpartners.
The European Consensus(2005) laysdown guiding prin-ciplesfor developmentassistance and for the firsttimeincludesenergyasa priorityfor the EU Commission andMember States. A number offunding instrumentswereestablished – the ACP-ECEnergyFacility, the COOPENERProgramme and the Member State-funded PartnershipDialogue Facility(PDF). In addition, the EU-AfricaPartnership on Infrastructure wascreated to facilitateinvestmentsin electricitygeneration, cross-border inter-connections, grid extension and ruraldistribution. The EUalso launched the Johannesburg Renewable EnergyCoalition (JREC) asa high-levelinitiative focusing specif-icallyon renewable energyand complementing the EUEIand other EU-led energypartnerships.
Reinforcing the EU-Africa energydialogue
The increased internationalattention on energyissuesdemanded a renewalofthe energydialogue between EUand Africa and resulted in a jointcallfor a comprehensiveenergypartnership. In line with this, the EU proposed tointegrate Europe'senergyand developmentpoliciesin a"win-win” situation for both continents. Africa standstobenefitfrom EU effortsto diversifyitsenergysupplyandto develop energyefficientand renewable energytech-nologies, which are vitalenergyelementsfor a sustain-able future ofboth Europe and developing countries.These developmentsled to the Africa-EU EnergyPartnership launched atthe Africa-EU Lisbon SummitinDecember 2007, which providesa long-term frameworkfor policydialogue and specificactions.
Complementing other internationalinitiatives
The Africa-EU EnergyPartnership buildson andcomplementsexisting structuresand initiatives:the EU EnergyInitiative for PovertyEradication andSustainable Development, the EU-AfricaPartnership on Infrastructure, the ACP-ECEnergyFacilityand the EU ThematicProgramme for Environmentand Sustainable Managementof NaturalResourcesIncluding Energy. The latter includescontributionsto the GlobalEnergyEfficiencyand Renewable EnergyFund.Within the EnergyPartnership, the EU willidentifysynergieswith or contribute to other internationalinitiatives, such asthe Infrastructure Consortiumfor Africa, the World Bank’sClean Energyfor DevelopmentInvestmentFramework, the GlobalGasFlaring Partnershipsand the ExtractiveIndustriesTransparencyInitiative.
The Energy Facility –identifying priorities together
The 2003 EUEI Energyfor Africa Conference inNairobi wasa milestone in the energydialoguebetween Africa and Europe. Recommendationsadopted by40 African countriesidentified thefollowing priorities:Ruralenergyin generaland ruralelectrificationin particular.Energyfor households, biomassandsubstitutes.Strategiesand policiesfor the sector atnationaland regionallevel.Capacitybuilding atalllevels.The prioritiesofthe Nairobi Conference werereflected in the design ofthe ACP-ECEnergyFacilitythatcompleted itsfirstcallfor proposalsin 2007.Along the linesofthe Nairobi recommendations,the EnergyFacilityhasa strong focusonco-investing in projectsthatimprove accessto energyin ruraland remote areas.

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