mandatory for any civil aircraft registered in that State or operated by an operator whohas his principal place of business or permanent residence in that State. Eachcontracting State shall make any violation of such applicable laws or regulationspunishable by severe penalties and shall submit the case to its competent authorities inaccordance with its laws or regulations.(d) Each contracting State shall take appropriate measures to prohibit thedeliberate use of any civil aircraft registered in that State or operated by an operator who has his principal place of business or permanent residence in that State for any purpose inconsistent with the aims of this Convention. This provision shall not affectparagraph (a) or derogate from paragraphs (b) and (c) of this Article.
Article 4 Misuse of civil aviation
Each contracting State agrees not to use civil aviation for any purposeinconsistent with the aims of this Convention.
CHAPTER IIFLIGHT OVER TERRITORY OFCONTRACTING STATES
Article 5 Right of non-scheduled flight
Each contracting State agrees that all aircraft of the other contracting States,being aircraft not engaged in scheduled international air services shall have the right,subject to the observance of the terms of this Convention, to make flights into or intransit non-stop across its territory and to make stops for non-traffic purposes without the necessity of obtaining prior permission, and subject to the right of theState flown over to require landing. Each contracting State nevertheless reserves theright, for reasons of safety of flight, to require aircraft desiring to proceed overregions which are inaccessible or without adequate air navigation facilities to follow prescribed routes, or to obtain special permission for such flights.Such aircraft, if engaged in the carriage of passengers, cargo, or mail forremuneration or hire on other than scheduled international air services, shall also,subject to the provisions of Article 7, have the privilege of taking on or discharging passengers, cargo, or mail, subject to the right of any State where such embarkation ordischarge takes place to impose such regulations, conditions or limitations as it may consider desirable.