All objects emit thermal radiation.
This is a type of
Electro-Magnetic (EM) wave
, and is often called
Infra-Red (IR) Radiation
The hotter an object is, the more thermal radiation it emits.
are often used on wildlife programsor by the police (or James Bond) to “see” in thedark or at night-time.Even if it is pitch black and there is no lightaround, you can still give away your positiondue to your thermal energy.
On this IR picture of an elephant, why is theground much darker than the elephant? What is the hottest part of this elephant?
When an object emits thermal radiation it loses thermal energy.
Black is a better absorber
emitter than White/Shiny.
more radiation than light (e.g. white), shiny surfaces. They also
radiation more effectively.
IR radiation behaves like light.
IR radiation is part of the EM Spectrum – an extremely important aspect of physics. Radiowaves, microwaves, ultraviolet (UV) light, visible light, Gamma radiation and X-rays are allpart of this spectrum, so they all behave in a similar way.