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Michael A. Bottar and Kimberly Wolf Price, Civil Practice (©2011)

Michael A. Bottar and Kimberly Wolf Price, Civil Practice (©2011)

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CIVIL PRACTICE
Michael A. Bottar
& Kimberly Wolf Price
 
C
ONTENTS
 I
NTRODUCTION
..................................................................................... 632
 
I. L
EGISLATIVE
E
NACTMENTS
........................................................ 632
 
 A. Interstate Depositions and Discovery
................................ 632
 
 B. Electronic Filing
................................................................ 633
 
C. Mortgage Foreclosure Conferences
................................... 634
 
 D. Electronic Filing of Notice of Claim for Service upon New York City
..................................................................... 635
 
 E. Collateral Source and Subrogation
.................................... 636
 
II. C
ASE
L
AW
D
EVELOPMENTS
........................................................ 637
 
 A. Jurisdiction
......................................................................... 637
 
1. Long-Arm
...................................................................... 637
 
2.
 
 Diversity
........................................................................ 639
 
 B. Attachment 
.......................................................................... 640
 
C. Receiver 
.............................................................................. 642
 
 D. Commencement 
.................................................................. 642
 
 E. Expert Testimony
................................................................ 644
 
F. Certificate of Merit 
............................................................. 646
 
G. Municipal Liability
............................................................. 647
 
 H. Court of Claims Procedure
................................................ 648
 
 I. Assumption of the Risk 
....................................................... 649
 
 J. Discovery and Disclosure
.................................................. 651
 
1. Scope
............................................................................. 651
 
2. Depositions
................................................................... 654
 
3. Authorizations
............................................................... 658
 
4. Court Orders
................................................................. 660
 
K. Juries
.................................................................................. 662
 
 L. Parties
................................................................................ 664
 
 M. Class Actions
...................................................................... 665
 
1. Certification
.................................................................. 665
 
2. Statutory Penalty
.......................................................... 666
 
† J.D.,
summa cum laude
, Syracuse University College of Law (Order of the Coif,Order of Barristers); B.A., Colgate University; Attorney, Bottar Leone, PLLC, Syracuse,New York; Adjunct Professor, Syracuse University College of Law; Board of Directors,Syracuse University Law Alumni Association and New York State Academy of TrialLawyers.
J.D.,
magna cum laude,
Syracuse University College of Law (Order of the Coif);B.A., Colgate University; Assistant Dean, Office of Professional and Career Development,Syracuse University College of Law; Adjunct Professor, Syracuse University College of Law.
 
 
632
Syracuse Law Review
[Vol. 61:631
 N. Limitations
.......................................................................... 667
 
O. Relation Back 
..................................................................... 668
 
P. Restoration
......................................................................... 669
 
Q. Arbitration
.......................................................................... 671
 
 R. Verdicts and Judgments
...................................................... 672
 
S. Settlements
.......................................................................... 672
 
T. Trials
.................................................................................. 673
 
1. Insurance
...................................................................... 673
 
2. Bifurcation
.................................................................... 674
 
U. Attorneys Fees
.................................................................... 675
 
III. C
OURT
R
ULES
............................................................................ 676
 
 A. OCA Rule 202.5
.................................................................. 676
 
 B. OCA “RobosignatureOrder 
............................................ 677
 
C
ONCLUSION
......................................................................................... 678
 
I
NTRODUCTION
 This
Survey
year includes several key legislative enactments andcase developments that impact virtually all practitioners.
1
Thesedevelopments have been “surveyed” in this Article, meaning that theauthors have made an effort to alert practitioners and academiciansabout noteworthy changes in New York State law and to provide basicdetail about the change in the context of the Civil Practice Law andRules (CPLR). Whether by accident or design, we did not endeavor todiscuss every Court of Appeals or appellate division decision.I.
 
L
EGISLATIVE
E
NACTMENTS
 
 A. Interstate Depositions and Discovery
Recognizing the complexities of out-of-state depositions anddiscovery, chapter 29 of the Laws of 2010, effective January 1, 2011,created the “Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act.”
2
 The new amendment seeks to assist out-of-state parties inacquiring discovery materials from non-parties to the suit within NewYork State.
3
The Sponsor’s Memorandum states that the legislation waspassed in an effort to create a more “efficient and inexpensive procedurefor litigants to depose out-of-state individuals and for the production of discoverable materials that may be located” in New York when it is not
1. July 1, 2009 through June 30, 2010.2. Act of March 30, 2010, ch. 29, 2010 McKinney’s Sess. Laws of N.Y. 75 (codified atN.Y. C.P.L.R. 3119 (McKinney Supp. 2011)).3. N.Y. CPLR 3119(b)(2).
 
B
OTTAR
&
 
W
OLF
P
RICE
M
ACRO
D
RAFT
2/11/2012
 
11:47
 
AM
2011]
Civil Practice
633the trial state.
4
The source for this initiative was the Uniform InterstateDepositions and Discovery Act (the “Act”).
5
The Act was originallypromulgated by the National Conference of Commissioners of UniformState Laws in 2007 to simplify and standardize the current patchwork of procedures across the various states for deposing witnesses for purposesof out-of-state litigation.
6
 In this vein, new CPLR 3119 allows out-of-state parties to submitan out-of-state subpoena from a court of record to the county clerk inany New York State county where individuals or materials fordiscovery are sought.
7
Once the out-of-state subpoena is received, theclerk will issue a subpoena for service to the individual or entity whichis the subject of the original subpoena.
8
CPLR 3119(b)(1) makes itclear that “issuance of a subpoena under this section does not constitutean appearance” in a New York State court by the requesting party.
9
 Any subpoenas issued by a county clerk under CPLR 3119 mustinclude the “terms used in the out-of-state subpoena” and must alsoinclude or “be accompanied by the names, addresses and telephonenumbers of all counsel of record in the proceeding” as well as “of anyparty not represented by counsel.”
10
 
 B. Electronic Filing
Though the issue of electronic filing was discussed in last year’s
Survey
,
11
discussion of this issue is included again as a reminder of theApril 26, 2010 effective date. In addition, this ever expanding andimportant area of procedure requires that practitioners remain diligent inreviewing the new rules.
12
 As has been discussed in
Surveys
past, chapter 367 of the Laws of 
4.
 Memorandum of Senator Schneiderman
, N.Y.
 
S
TATE
L
EGISLATURE
(2010),
available at 
 http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/menugetf.cgi?QUERYDATA=S4256&SESSYR=2010(select “Sponsor’s Memo”).5.
 Id.
;
see generally
U
NIF
.
 
I
NTERSTATE
D
EPOSITIONS AND
D
ISCOVERY
A
CT
§§ 1-9(2007),
available at 
http://www.law.upenn.edu/bll/archives/ulc/iddda/2007act_final.htm.6.
 Memorandum of Senator Schneiderman
,
supra
note 4.7. N.Y. CPLR 3119(b)(1).8.
 Id.
3119(b)(2).9.
 Id.
3119(b)(1).10.
 Id.
3119(b)(3)(i)-(ii).11.
See
Paul H. Aloe,
Civil Practice,
 
2008-09 Survey of New York Law
, 60 S
YRACUSE
L.
 
R
EV
. 717, 724-25 (2010).12.
See
David D. Siegel,
 New Laws: Program for Electronic Filing Expanded; OCA Empowered by Rule to Dispense with Consent by Parties
, 213 S
IEGEL
S
P
RAC
.
 
R
EV
. 1(2009).

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