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System Assembly Procedures

System Assembly Procedures

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Published by Drift Gee

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Published by: Drift Gee on Feb 11, 2012
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SYSTEM-ASSEMBLYPROCEDURES
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CONTENTSATAGLANCE
Case and Power-Supply Assembly
Step 1:Assemble the caseStep 2: Install the power supply
Assembling the “Main Board”
Step 3:Motherboard installationStep 4:Case wiringStep 5:CPUinstallationStep 6: RAMinstallationStep 7: Cache RAMinstallationStep 8: CMOSbattery installation
Completing the Initial Assembly
Step 9: Video system installationStep 10:Keyboard installationStep 11: Floppy-drive systeminstallationStep 12:Initial testing
Setting Up the Hard Drive
Step 13:Hard-drive systeminstallationStep 14: Copy the DOSfilesStep 15: Create your startup files
Setting Up the Mouse
Step 16: Install the mouse
Setting Up for “Multimedia”
Step 17: Assemble the sound systemStep 18: Assemble the CD-ROMdrive systemStep 19: Wrapping up the initialhardware
Further Study
 
W
hether you’re an avid PC enthusiast or an active PC technician, chances are thatsooner or later you’ll wind up building your own PC. Although PC building is not a com- plicated or lengthy activity, it can be confusing, once you see all the parts laid out around you (especially after you consider all of the various peripherals that are available). Thischapter explains the comprehensive, step-by-step process for PC building, which startswith the chassis and ends with the installation of an operating system.
Case and Power-Supply Assembly
The first phase of all PC building starts with assembling the case and installing the power supply. If you already have a pre-assembled case and installed power supply, feel free toskip this section (though you might still want to read it for reference).
STEP 1: ASSEMBLE THE CASE
Most cases are already pre-assembled—this simplifies things quite a bit. If you must as-semble a case of your own, be sure to follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions that ac-company the case. Contrary to popular belief, it’s not OK to have “extra” parts whenyou’re done. When complete, the case should be sturdy and rigid—if it wiggles like a bowl of Jell-O, go back and check your work.
Edges and points
Whether you assemble your own case or not, you will need to watchout for sharp edges and burrs in the metal—especially in the drive bays and metal housing,which you’ll be working with most closely. Low-end manufacturers often save costs byignoring that tedious, time-consuming finish work (such as dulling sharp edges and re-moving burrs). This can result in cuts and abrasions as you handle the case. As a rule, usecaution when handling any of the metal enclosures. It might help to use a pair of lightwork gloves when assembling the case.
Fans and filters
Your case might also include fans and filters. Fans are used to ventheated air from the case area. Often, one fan blows air in and another fan blows air out. Intower cases, the “intake” fan is located in the lower front and the “exhaust” fan is located inthe upper rear. Desktop cases might only use a single exhaust fan located in the rear. Intakefilters are sometimes used with good-quality cases to trap the dust and other airborne debristhat normally enters the enclosure. Because dust is an electrical conductor and thermal in-sulator, minimizing dust with a filter is certainly a worthwhile precaution. You should pe-riodically clean fan blades and filters to clean out any accumulations of dust and debris.
1520SYSTEM-ASSEMBLY PROCEDURES
This chapter covers a wide variety of peripheral devices. If you do not need to install aparticular device covered here, feel free to skip the section.Do not proceed with the assembly until your case is assembled correctly and is me-chanically sound.
 
STEP 2: INSTALL THE POWER SUPPLY
Once the case is built, it’s time to install the power supply. If the supply is already incor- porated into the case, you’re in luck. Otherwise, you’ll need to mount the supply in thecase. Be sure that the ac line-cord connection, the fuse (or circuit breaker) access, the acvoltage (120/220 Vac) selector switch, and the power on/off switch are all readily accessi- ble. Also check to see that the power-supply mounting holes line up with the holes in thecase (hopefully, you did that before you bought the supply).
Presetting the supply
Before you go any farther, pre-configure your power supplyand be sure that it is receiving power properly:
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Check to be sure that the ac voltage selector switch (120/220 Vac) is set in the proper  position. In the U.S., the switch should be set to 120 Vac. In Europe, the switch is typ-ically set to 220 Vac.
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Check the power switch and see that it is turned off.
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Connect the ac line cord to the supply, then plug the supply in to an ac outlet.
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Turn the power supply on. The cooling fan should start and run quietly. If it doesn’t,recheck the ac voltage selector and ac line-cord installation. If problems persist, try anew power supply.
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Once you confirm that the power-supply fan is running, turn off the supply and unplugit from the ac outlet.
Assembling the “Main Board”
 Now that the case and power supply are assembled, you’ll need to install the motherboard and its support components, such as the CPU, RAM, and cache.
STEP 3: MOTHERBOARD INSTALLATION
At this point, your case is ready to accept the motherboard, as well as supplemental de-vices, such as the CPU, RAM, and cache. Remember to use good static precautions to pre-vent accidental damage to the motherboard’s sensitive electronics. Keep the motherboard in its protective anti-static packaging until you are just ready to bolt it into place. The ac-tual physical installation is quite straightforward, but subsequent sections will offer addi-tional installation details:
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Place small, non-conductive plastic washers on each of the metal standoffs (Fig. 60-1)— this prevents the standoffs from shorting out the motherboard wiring and causing sys-tem problems. Remember that your washers must be as thin as possible. Otherwise,your expansion bus slots will sit a bit too high and you won’t be able to bolt expansion boards to the chassis securely.
ASSEMBLINGTHE“MAINBOARD” 1521
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Be sure to use the right screws when bolting the supply into place—if the screws are toolong, they might damage wiring or crack a circuit board in the supply.

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