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Table Of Contents

PERSUASIVE LEGAL WRITING
The core principles of persuasive legal writing
A.Don't burden the reader; create "ease of parsing."
6.We grasp our own complex constructions, but judges won't
b.Start with striking facts
c.Start with a quote
d.Start with a question
Sentences
1.Start with a link to prior text when needed
2.End with the point of emphasis
3.Put the subject at or near the start
a.Avoid long introductory clauses
b.Avoid introductory clauses modifying the subject
c.Avoid throat clearing
4.Use a strong subject and verb
5.Keep subject, verb, and object close together
6.Use parallel structure
7.Keep sentences short
a.Tips for shorter sentences
b.Omit "that" and "who is/which is."
c.Condense "of" constructions
d.Refer to cases by one name only
e.Exercises to shorten sentences
8.Punctuate for brevity and emphasis
a.Dash
b.Colon
c.Bullets
d.Italics
f.Parentheses
g.Minimize commas
h.Minimize hyphens
i.Minimize ellipses
9.Use vivid prose
a.Concrete details
c.Put the "because" clause (the cause) before the effect
d.Replace nominalizations with verbs
e.Use the same word for the same concept
f.Describe court filings by the action, not the title
g.Use the active voice
(1)Use specific terms to refer back
(3)Avoid the restrictive/nonrestrictive modifier dilemma
(4)When stating your adversary's position, say so
modified
m.Condense step-by-step sentences
n.Use the right tone
(1)Show respect
(2)Avoid emotion
(3)Advocate sound judicial administration and fairness
(4)Use gender-neutral language
(5)Use informal constructions
10.Exercises
b.Issues presented
c.Summary of argument
d.Cite to the record
e.Create a theme
3.Statement of facts
a.Be complete
b.Structure the facts to match the legal arguments
c.Persuade, within the bounds of honesty
d.Use frequent headings and subheadings
4.Procedural history
5.Argument
a.Understand the syllogism
b.Select and organize arguments from strongest to weakest
c.State the standard of review
d.An argument's five parts
(1)Road map)orient the reader
(2)Rules)discussed neutrally
(3)Apply rules to facts
(4)Anticipatory refutation
(5)Conclusion
6.Footnotes: Minimize substantive footnotes
7.Citing cases
a.Note the precedent's similarity (or dissimilarity) to your
b.Hierarchy of authority
c.Citations belong in the text)but minimize clutter
d.Help the reader
8.Avoid repetition
9.Reply briefs
10.Appendix to the brief
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Persuasive Legal Writing

Persuasive Legal Writing

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Published by R.Angelo

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Categories:Business/Law
Published by: R.Angelo on Feb 12, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/19/2013

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