164
International Journal of Nonlinear Science,Vol.4(2007),No.3,pp. 163170
u
t
−
u
txx
+ 4
uu
x
= 3
u
x
u
xx
+
uu
xxx
,t >
0
, x
∈
R
(1.3)It is completely integrable [1318]. Despite the similarities to the CamassaHolm equation, we wouldlike to point out that these two equations are truly different. One of the important features of Eq.(1.3) isthat it has not only peaked solitons
u
(
t,x
) =
ce
−
x
−
ct

,c >
0
but also shock peakons [19,20] of the form
u
(
t,x
) =
1
t
+
k
sgn
(
x
)
e
−
x

,k >
0
. On the other hand, the Lax pair and conservation laws of the twoequations are also different [12]. The existence of the global attractor of the viscosity DegasperisProcesiequation under the periodic boundary condition has been studied[5].We have found it is convenient to rewrite Eq.(1.1) as the following form
u
t
−
u
txx
+ (
b
+ 1)
uu
x
=
bu
x
u
xx
+
uu
xxx
,t >
0
,x
∈
R
(1.4)for a real parameter
b
, which includes both the CamassaHolm equation(1.2)(b=2) and the DegasperisProcesi equation(1.4) (b=3) as special cases. Since it arises from (1.1) when the peakon kernel
g
(
x
) =
12
e
−
x

is chosen, we refer to (1.4) as the peakon bfamily of equations.It is shown in [14] that all these equations in the peakon bfamily have not only the peakon solutions
u
(
x,t
) =
ce
−
x
−
ct

,
c >
0
, but also multipeakon solutions
u
(
x,t
) =
N
k
=1
p
k
(
t
)
e
−
x
−
q
k

. For an arbitraryconstant
b
,
p
k
and
q
k
are not canonical variables but satisfy the dynamical system
p
k
=
−
(
b
−
1)
∂G
N
∂q
k
,q
k
=
∂G
N
∂p
k
, where the generating function
G
N
is given by
G
N
=
12
N
j,k
=1
P
k
p
j
e
−
q
j
−
q
k

The goal of the present paper is to study the existence of the global attractor of the viscosity bFamilyof equations. The equation is as following:
u
t
−
u
xxt
−
ε
(
u
−
u
xx
)
xx
+
k
(
u
−
u
xx
)
x
+ (
b
+ 1)
uu
x
=
bu
x
u
xx
+
uu
xxx
u
(
x,
0) =
u
0
(
x
)
(1.5)where
t >
0
,x
∈
Ω
,
Ω = [0
,L
]
The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. In section 2, we introduce the main deﬁnitions.Section 3 establishes the global solution to Eq.(1.5). The global attractor of Eq.(1.5) is studied in section 4.
2 Deﬁnitions
In this paper, we denote
(
·
,
·
)
the
L
2
inner product and by
.
the corresponding
L
2
norm,
u
H
m
(Ω)
=
D
m
u
L
2
(Ω)
where
D
is the ﬁrstorder operator. The inner product here is equivalent to the nature innerproduct in
H
m
(Ω)
when
mes
(Ω)
<
+
∞
. In this paper, we denote
u
L
2
(Ω)
∆

u

,
Du
L
2
(Ω)
∆
u
,
D
m
u
L
2
(Ω)
∆

D
m
u

.
Denote
B
(
u,v
) =
u
v
, where
is the
Hamilton
operator. Here we only studythe one dimensional equation, and then
u
=
u
x
. Denote
b
(
u,v,w
) = (
B
(
u,v
)
,w
) =
Ω
(
u
v
)
wdx.
Noticing that in the case of periodic boundary condition, we have
(
B
(
u,v
)
,w
) =
−
(
B
(
u,w
)
,v
)
−
(
B
(
w,u
)
,v
)
,
(
B
(
v,u
)
,w
) =
−
(
B
(
w,v
)
,u
)
−
(
B
(
v,w
)
,u
)
,
Then
(
B
(
u,v
)
,u
) =
−
2(
B
(
u,u
)
,v
)
,
(
B
(
u,v
)
,u
) =
−
2(
B
(
v,u
)
,u
)(
B
(
u,u
)
,v
) = (
B
(
v,u
)
,u
)
,
(
B
(
u,u
)
,u
) = 0
Denote
A
=
−
∆
,
∆
is the Laplace operator,
v
=
u
+
Au.
In the case of periodic boundary condition, Eq.(1.5) can be denoted as
dvdt
+
εAv
+
k
v
+
B
(
u,v
) +
bB
(
v,u
) = 0
(2.1)
u
(
x,
0) =
u
0
(2.2)
IJNS email for contribution:
editor@nonlinearscience.org.uk